What are human rights
First and foremost things to understand the meaning of human rights that what
are human rights. Human rights are the basic rights needed by an individual for
his survival. They are not provided by any entity organization or state. They
are inherited by every individual on his birth irrespective of his class, caste
sex, religion,color etc.
Origin of human rights cannot be traced or no one can
actually tell that from where it has evolved The terms human rights is broad
term which extends from the most fundamental right to life to basic rights of an
individual to live with dignity and have a meaningful life such as right to food
and shelter, right to education etc.
The foundation stone of all international
rights laws is Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Which Was Adopted By UN
general assembly in 1948, first legal document to provide face and recognition
to human rights at international platform. UDHR contains 30 articles these are
to be the bedrock for protection of the human rights and the principles laid
down under this act just to gave recognition and protection of human rights.
UDHR along with two more treaties form the International bills of rights these
two treaties are:
- International covenant for civil and political rights
- International covenant for social economic and cultural rights
These rights are inherited and enjoyed by every individual. These are the rights
which cannot be alienated or nor could be transfer to some other. As we know
term human rights is a broad term which consist of many rights these all rights
are interdependent on each other. One cannot be enjoyed in absence of other.
cannot be deprived of his human rights in any situation conditioned to some
reasonable restriction which are imposed according to the due process of law.
For example: a person convicted under charge of murder then he would be confine
d to the jail as this is the due process of the law.
It's not easy to trace back the history of human rights or to depict that from
where it was evolved. There were some events recorded in the past which accounts
for existence of human rights. In 539 BC Cyrus attacked the Babylon, he
conquered Babylon and ordered that all slaves would set free as every person has
right to choose their religion and freely profess it. He also came out with a
view of establishment of racial equality. Principles which were propounded by
the Cyprus were embedded on a clay cylinder, which is known as Cyrus Cylinder
Later on these principles exemplify as an revelation to the first four articles
of Universal Declaration Of Human Rights (UDHR)
Another bedrock which accounts for the existence of human rights in the history
is Magna Carta in 1215. When there were traces of the concept of rule of law and
other basic rights of the person and liberties provided to them.
History of Sudan
Individuals in Sudan had faced immense human rights violation in the past 80s.in
1n1899 British captured Sudan. North Sudan was ruled by Britishers and the Egypt.
North Sudan comprise of the Arab Muslims whereas south Sudan as comprised of
Christian and tribal . they were in conflict with each other because of the
In 1956 British government unite the north Sudan and the south Sudan due to
which the conflict started to be escalate between the north and the south
Simultaneously south Sudan was full of natural resources such as petroleum
natural gas etc. but did not have access to any of the port to supply the
resources to the other countries. Port was available to the north Sudan ,so the
pipeline were established from the south region to the port through the north.
All resources were got extracted from the south brought to the north and then
transported to other countries as north Sudan had access to the port. So, profit
was fully controlled by the north Sudan ultimately north region became more
dominating than the south.
Britishers knew the fact that one day North Sudan will become more powerful,
superior and will capture south Sudan. same happened as the money was controlled
the north Sudan which rsulted in a war between south and north Sudan.
In 1956 first civil war was started between north and south Sudan which ended in
1972. Now here exploitation of human rights of an individual came in to picture
that during the 18 years of war, how individual of both the countries survive ?
during the 18 years of civil war most affected thing was human rights of
inidividaul or in other words human rights of individual were exploited
Imagine the survival of child who was born with in the time spam of this 18
years of civil war. Education of the children were mosted affected. As most of
the school were not functioning due to the ongoing civil war.
Causalities were about more than half a million people during the war of 17
years. First civil war between north Sudan and the siouth Sudan was divided into
These are as follows:
- Initial guerrilla warfare
- The creation of ananyan insurgency
- Political strife within the government
- Establishment of south Sudan liberation movement
Till 1956 both the Britishers and the eyptians government together governed the
administration sothern and the northern region separately. In 1956 bothe the
northern and southern region were unite together or merged with each other as
British and the eyptian government was under the influence of the establishment
of northern region.
Elites of north region were more powerful and influential than the minority
groups of the southern region. Decision of merging both region was solely taken
under the pressure the elites of northern region and minorities was not taken
under confidence regarding this merger.
The had fear that the elites were oppress their rights and liberties as they
were minorities and not treated equally by the elites of northern.
Northern elites had great domination on the political structure of Sudan when
the country was colony of Britishers. They were favored by the British
government at the time of merger of both northern and southern region and were
granted more political power when Sudan got independence from British
Decisions taken by British government by favoring elites in political structure
have adverse repercussions on the well being of the country which could be seen
post colonial time. As there many concerns which affected the state solidarity
such as political inequalities southerns had not equal at the footing of
political power when compared to northern that why subject matters which were
concerned to their right got jeopardized by the northern.
Many national issue were ignored such as the issue of economic development and
development of the sufficient institution for the people. northern government
suppressed the rights of the minorities by discriminating and committing
violence towards minorities.
After Sudan got independence from colonial rule the
tension between the northern and the southern region escalated as their demands
were answered because the southern elites had less influence in the political
structure of the country and their region is discriminated on many other grounds
they lack in industrialization and were not allowed to practice their religion
as most of them were influenced by the Christianity and opted for the western
ideals by integrating them into their own customs.
Before breakout of the civil war, northern elites didn't get the main reason
which resulted in the outbreak of this war. Many them blamed the British
government who didn't look after the needs of the southern elites and minorities
which had post colonial repercussions. simultaneously some them had a ideology
that the southern just rebelled against their government as did not want to be
governed by them. Some blamed the Christianity and the western culture or
ideology opted by southern merging in their own culture.
According to the southern the civil war was to be unavoidable as after the
independence the British government favored northern in political structure of
the country and the southern were left with the nominal power. They feel
powerless and was unable to address the subject matters and issue regard the
well being of minorities. Southern region lacks in industrialization and did n't
have sufficient institution for education and health services. Their rights and
liberty was oppressed and supposed to face violent incidents.
Course Of War
On 18 August 1955
, rebels mutinied or murdered the members of the Sudan Defense
force in Torit after that in Juba, Yei and Maridi which was controlled by the
British government. Mutiny of members of the Sudan Defense Force was in result
of the trial faced by the southern members of the national assembly and the
oppression of the rights and liberties of the southern and the discriminated
behavior towards them by the northern elites. Sudan government started
oppressing the the rebellion and the mutinies. Survivals got dispersed in
different rural areas and towns and started to organize an uncoordinated
rebellion against the Sudanese government. Sudanese government was under threat
by the act of these armed rebels.
Escalation Of Military Intervention
Slowly the rebellion took the face of movement which involved the rebels of 1955
mutiny and the southern students. They formed a group known as Anyanya Guerilla
Army. Between 1963 to 1969 Anyanya Guerilla Army highly influenced the two
southern provinces these were:
- Bahr al Ghazal
- Upper Nile
Which led to huge pressure o9n the northern army to suppress the movement. later
on the movement was affected as the it got some internal issue due to which
divided into two groups: Nilotic and Equatorian. Whereas the Sudanse government
left the chance to be in the dominant position as the movement got disturbed by
the internal issue because the government was itself going through the instable
phase and rationality. First Prime Minister Ismail Al Azhari who led the first
independent government who swiftly removed by the other conservative forces in
coalition with each other.
October 1964 Protest
On 20 October 1964, the Sudanese Government raided the University of Khartoum as
there was a seminar going related to Problems Of The Southern
outbreak in a massive protest which led to nationwide protest and the strike. An
interim government was formed as sign of massive civil disobedience to Sudanese
The series of these events marked as October Revolution Or October 1964
First appearance of Hassan al Turabi, a student leader was noticed during these
protest. Between 1966 to 1969 it became very difficult for the government to
deal with economic and variety of ethinic conflict within the country. In 1969
Colonel Gafar Nimrey took command of the country as Prime Minister. Taking
advantage of the instability in the country Anyanya group send their leader out
of country and support their movement from aboard.
In doing combating among non-Marxist and Marxist gatherings in the choice
military class provoked another defeat in July 1971 and a concise association by
the Sudanese Communist Party before threatening to Communist gatherings put Nimeiry in a difficult spot responsible for the country. That very year, German
public Rolf Steiner, who had been stealthily inciting the extremists, was
trapped in Kampala, Uganda and removed to Khartoum, where he was put being
explored for his foe of government works out.
At first sentenced to death, he
would serve three years in prison before being set after pressure liberated from
the West German Government. The Southern officials, of course, tried to gain
political control and momentarily settled diverse transitory legislatures in the
They needed to use placating means to achieve freedom and separation anyway as a
result of their political factionalism, were lacking conversely, with the
Amalgamation Of South
The South was first driven by the late pioneer Aggrey Jaden; he passed on the
development in 1969 because of inside political debates. Around the same time
Gordon Muortat Mayen was chosen collectively as the new head of the South.
Southern Sudan in this time changed their name to the Nile Republic and
continued fighting against Khartoum, but a portion of the previous pioneer Jaden's soldiers would not acknowledge a Dinka chief and battled against the
In 1971, previous armed force lieutenant Joseph Lagu shaped an
effective overthrow against Gordon Muortat with assistance from Israel, which
vowed him their help. In doing as such, the deserted Equatorian administrator
had the option to bind together these soldiers of guerrilla warriors under his
Southern Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM).
This was the initial time throughout
the entire existence of the fighting that a dissenter development had a brought
together order structure with the shared target to withdraw and construct an
autonomous state. It was likewise the principal association that could profess
to represent, and haggle in the interest of, the whole south when the conflict
finished. Intercession between the World Council of Churches (WCC) and the All
Africa Conference of Churches (AACC), the two of which went through years
developing trust with the two warriors, in the end prompted the Addis Ababa
Agreement of March 1972 which denoted the finish of the contention.
Since the start of their freedom to the Addis Ababa Agreement, 500,000
individuals, of whom just one out of five was viewed as an outfitted warrior,
were killed while many thousands more had to leave their homes. The Addis Ababa
Agreement was seen by Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia and prompted the
foundation of a provincial independence for South Sudan. It would be known as
the Southern Regional Government and would have foundations, for example, a
Regional Assembly and Executive Counsel filling in as their administrative and
The short interval of harmony become a general quiet and flourishing period for
Sudan. The understanding had the option to address a portion of the basic
complaints held by Southern Sudan to that of the Khartoum government. The prompt
acknowledgment of the district as sovereign and foundation of key political
establishments were a couple of instances of the major developments.
Additionally, another constitution was established and Southern Sudan were
driven by confined law requirement organizations than that from the Northern
government. Notwithstanding these upgrades, there was the anticipation of the
South's capacity to have their own military and just stay independent under the
Northern Sudanese regime.
In this manner, the understanding demonstrated uniquely to be an impermanent
reprieve with no authoritative method for harmony saving for the Southern Sudan.
With the encroachments by the north expanding social turmoil in the south during
the 1970s, this prompted the 1983 armed force uprising that started the Second
Sudanese Civil War. A contention that went on for very nearly 22 years and added
to the authority freedom of Sudan.
Second Civil War
The Second Sudanese Common Conflict was an extraordinary 22-year struggle
between the focal government in Khartoum and the Sudan Individuals' Freedom
Armed force (SPLA). The conflict began in southern Sudan yet spread to different
spots including the Nuba mountains and the Blue Nile locale. 2,000,000
individuals passed on in this contention however the conflict additionally
prompted the production of South Sudan as an autonomous country in 2011.
The terms of the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972, which ended the first Sudan
Civil War, were violated several times. In 1978, president Gaafar Nimeiry wanted
to take control of the newly-discovered oil fields located on the border region
between north and south Sudan. In 1983, President Nimeiry violated the
agreement by imposing Sharia Law across the nation and abolishing the mostly
Christian Southern Sudan Autonomous Region. Most South Sudanese people and
other people who were non-Muslim living in the north were now punished by Sharia
Accordingly, rebels from South Sudan framed the Southern People groups Freedom
Armed force (SPLA), drove by John Garang, to battle the focal government in
Khartoum. As in the primary conflict, youngster warriors were selected by the
two sides however were all the more much of the time utilized by the SPLA. In
April 1985, an upset happened. Nimeri was removed and the new government
cancelled his 1983 declaration and made different suggestions intended to
accommodate the north and south.
In May 1986, the new Khartoum government drove
by Leader Sadiq al-Mahdi and the SPLA drove by Col. John Garang met in
arrangements interestingly. Simultaneously the SPLA and other Sudanese
ideological groups met in Ethiopia where they molded the Koka Dam statement
which called for annulling Islamic law and gathering a protected meeting for the
In 1988, the SPLA and the Majority rule Unionist Party (DUP), an ideological
group in Sudan, conceded to a harmony plan which required a truce and the
abrogation of military agreements with Egypt and Libya which had provided the
Khartoum government with weapons. In February 1989, the Sadiq al-Mahdi
government supported the harmony plan yet battling proceeded into the 1990s with
abominations and denials of basic freedoms happening on the two sides.
In July 2002, the Public authority of Sudan and the SPLM arrived at an
arrangement known as the Machakos Convention, named after the town in Kenya
where harmony talks were held. The discussions proceeded into the next year
lastly on January 9, 2005, the Public authority of Sudan and the SPLA consented
to the Extensive Harmony Arrangement which finished the common conflict. The
arrangement likewise required the production of South Sudan in 2011, six years
after the conflict finished.
In February 1989, the military gave Sadiq a final proposal: he could advance
toward harmony or be tossed out. He shaped another administration with the DUP
and supported the SPLA/DUP arrangement. An established gathering was probably
made arrangements for September 1989. On June 30, 1989, nonetheless, military
officials under then-Colonel Omar Hassan al-Bashir, with NIF induction and
backing, supplanted the public authority with the Revolutionary Command Council
for National Salvation (RCC), a junta contained 15 military officials
(diminished to 12 of every 1991) helped by a regular citizen bureau. General al-Bashir
became president and head of state, leader and head of the military.
The new military government prohibited worker's organizations, ideological
groups, and other "non-strict" foundations. 78 thousand individuals from the
military, police, and common organization were cleansed to reshape the public
authority. In March 1991, another correctional code, the Criminal Act of 1991,
founded brutal disciplines cross country, including removals and stoning.
the southern states are authoritatively excluded from these Islamic preclusions
and punishments, the 1991 demonstration accommodates a potential future use of
Islamic Law in the south. In 1993, the public authority moved all non-Muslim
adjudicators from the south toward the north, supplanting them with Muslim
The acquaintance of Public Order Police with implement Shari'a law
brought about the capture and treatment under Shari'a law of southerners and
other non-Muslims living in the north.
Management of the war
It is assessed that upwards of 200,000 Southern Sudanese and Nuba youngsters and
ladies have been taken into bondage—principally to North Sudan—during strikes
executed in Southern Sudanese towns and towns. On the appearance of battling
Southern Sudanese renegades, the National Islamic legislature of the Sudan (GOS)
has conveyed its standard military and state army famously known as the People's
Defense Forces (PDF) to assault and strike towns in the South and the Nuba
Mountains for slaves and cattle.
The SPLA was in charge of huge spaces of Equatoria, Bahr al Ghazal, and Upper
Nile regions and furthermore works in the southern parts of Darfur, Kordofan,
and Blue Nile regions. The public authority controlled some of the major
southern towns and urban communities, including Juba, Wau, and Malakal. A casual
truce in May separated in October 1989.
In August 1991, inner dispute among the revolutionaries drove rivals of Colonel
Garang's authority of the SPLA to frame the supposed Nasir group of the
dissident armed force. The endeavor to oust Garang was driven by Riek Machar and
Osama canister Laden and his Al Qaeda association moved to Sudan in 1991. Osama
carried some abundance to Sudan while he guided a portion of his first fear
monger assaults out of Sudan.
In September 1992, William Nyuon Bany framed a second revolutionary group, and
in February 1993, Kerubino Kwanyin Bol shaped a third dissident group. On April
5, 1993, the three protester rebel groups declared an alliance of their
gatherings called SPLA United at a question and answer session in Nairobi,
Kenya. After 1991, the groups conflicted every so often and accordingly, the
dissidents lost a lot of their believability with the West.
In 1990-91 the Sudanese government upheld Saddam Hussein in the Gulf War. This
changed American perspectives toward the country. Bill Clinton's organization
precluded American interest in the nation and provided cash to adjoining nations
to repulse Sudanese invasions. The US additionally started endeavors to "detach"
Sudan and started alluding to it as a maverick state.
Starting around 1993, the heads of Eritrea, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya
experience sought after a harmony drive for the Sudan under the sponsorship of
the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), yet results have been
blended. In spite of that record, the IGAD drive proclaimed the 1994 Declaration
of Principles (DOP) that intended to recognize the fundamental components
important to an equitable and exhaustive harmony settlement; i.e., the
connection among religion and the state, influence sharing, abundance sharing,
and the right of self-assurance for the south. The Sudanese Government didn't
sign the DOP until 1997 after significant front line misfortunes to the SPLA.
In 1995, an alliance of inside and ousted resistance groups in the north and the
south made the National Democratic Alliance as an enemy of government umbrella
gathering. This improvement opened a northeastern front to the common conflict,
making it more than before a middle fringe as opposed to just a north-south
clash. The SPLA, DUP, and Umma Parties were the key gatherings shaping the NDA,
alongside a few more modest gatherings and northern ethnic gatherings.
In 1996, Osama container Laden was removed from Sudan, and he moved his
association to Afghanistan.
Additionally in 1997, the public authority consented to a progression of
arrangements with rebel groups, driven by previous Garang Lieutenant Riek Machar,
under the pennant of Harmony from Within.
These incorporated the Khartoum, Nuba Mountains, and Fashoda arrangements that finished military clash between
the public authority and huge agitator groups. A considerable lot of those
pioneers then, at that point, moved to Khartoum where they expected minimal jobs
in the focal government, or worked together with the public authority in
military commitment against the SPLA. These three arrangements resembled the
agreements of the IGAD understanding, requiring a level of independence for the
south and the right of self-assurance.
In July 2000, the Libyan/Egyptian Joint Initiative on the Sudan was mooted,
requiring the foundation of a between time government, power sharing,
established change, and new races. Southern pundits had a problem with the joint
drive since it fail to resolve issues of the connection among religion and the
state and neglected to specify the right of self-assurance. It is hazy how much
this drive will altogether affect the quest for harmony, as certain pundits see
it as more focused on a goal among northern ideological groups and ensuring the
apparent security interests of Egypt for the solidarity of the Sudan.
In September 2001, previous U.S. Congressperson John Danforth was assigned
Presidential Envoy for Peace in the Sudan. His job is to investigate the
possibilities that the United States could assume a valuable reactant part in
the quest for a simply end to the common conflict, and improve philanthropic
administrations conveyance that can assist with diminishing the enduring of the
Sudanese public originating from war related impacts.
Following an inside objection, the Sadiq al-Mahdi government in March 1989
concurred with the United Nations and contributor countries (counting the United
States) on an arrangement called Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS), under which
exactly 100,000 tons of food was moved into both government and SPLA-held spaces
of the Sudan, and far and wide starvation was deflected.
Stage II of OLS to
cover 1990 was supported by both the public authority and the SPLA in March
1990. In 1991, Sudan confronted a 2-year dry spell and food deficiency across
the whole country.
The United Nations, United States, and different givers
endeavored to mount an organized global aid project in both south and north
Sudan to forestall a disaster. In any case, because of Sudan's denials of basic
freedoms and its favorable to Iraqi position during the Gulf War, numerous
contributors slice a lot of their guide to the Sudan. In a comparative dry spell
in 2000-2001, the worldwide local area again reacted to turn away mass
malnourishment in the Sudan. Global givers keep on giving a lot of helpful guide
to all pieces of the Sudan.
The United States government's Sudan Peace Act of October 21, 2002 blamed Sudan
for decimation for killing multiple million regular people in the south during
the common conflict starting around 1983.
Harmony talks between the southern radicals and the public authority gained
considerable headway in 2003 and mid 2004, despite the fact that engagements in
pieces of the south have apparently proceeded. The different sides have
concurred that, following a last ceasefire, southern Sudan will appreciate
independence for quite some time, and after the lapse of that period,
individuals of southern Sudan will actually want to cast a ballot in a mandate
Besides, oil incomes will be separated similarly between the public
authority and renegades during the break period of six-years. The capacity or
readiness of the public authority to satisfy these guarantees has been addressed
by certain onlookers, be that as it may, and the situation with three focal and
eastern territories was a disputed matter in the exchanges. A few onlookers
contemplated whether firm stance components in the north would permit the
settlement to continue.
A last ceasefire was endorsed on January 9, 2005 in Nairobi.
The details of the ceasefire are as per the following:
- The south will have independence for quite a long time, trailed by a
mandate on severance
- The two sides of the contention will combine their military into a
39,000-in number power following six years, if the withdrawal mandate should
turn out negative.
- Pay from oilfields is to be shared 50 to 50.
- Occupations are to be parted by differing proportions (focal
organization: 70 to 30, Abyei/Nuba mountains/Blue Nile State: 55 to 45, the two
for the public authority).
- Islamic law is to stay in the north, while proceeded with utilization of
the sharia in the south is to be chosen by the chosen gathering.
Background Of Darfur Conflict
Darfur is the region situated in the eastern part of the North Sudan.North east
region of the Sudan mainly inhabited by Arab Muslims who were nomadic herds
whereas the west which was mainly inhabited by the Black Africans who were
agriculturist. There were cultural differences between the Arab Muslims and
Black Africans which was also a main cause of conflict.
Darfuris people were
looted and killed by the Arab militants group supported by the Sudanese
government named as Janjaweed and rapid support force. Government made sure that
the people in villages of Darfur would deprive of their basic rights such which
includes right to education, right to food and shelter.
Darfur region is mainly
represented by two groups : Justice Equality Movement and Sudan Liberation
Movement. On the other hand Janjaweed is the rebel forces which was backed up by
the Sudanese government against the Darfuris. Sudan's President Omar Al Bashir
highly contributed in these barbaric acts committed against the civilians of
Darfur conflict emerged in 2003.Region is situated in west of Sudan. Since its
beginning conflict has resulted in many atrocities and violence faced by the indiviuduals. Many people has been displaced from the sensitive region so that
the conflict could have less impact on the masses.
The struggle between the
government and rebels have so dreadful repercussion such as violence against
civilians killings, gender based violence ,looting of civilians and many other
horrifying incidents which are evident of the hell they are living in. emergence of the war of Darfur when the
Sudan liberation movement and justice
equality movement were fighting with the Sudanese government they accused
government for suppressing the rights of the non arab population.
for the conflict that the Sudanesse government was accused of the racism or act
in a manner to oppress the rights of the non arab population. Some of the
rebelious incidents took place in 2002 between rebels and the government but key
incident was when the Golo, headquarters of the Jebbel Marra district was
attacked by the rebels groups and the credit was taken up by the group known as
Darfur liberation front (DLF).
Genocide is term which can be defined as when there is intentional atrocities
against a particular religious, caste or other group these atrocities could be
in the form of mass killings, rapes of women and brutally murder of children
known as Genocide. The same happened is the Darfur region of the North Sudan.
But US condemmed these mass killing and violent act towards the particular
community in the Darfur region. BBC wrote about these mass kilings and
circulated the photos of the violence against the individuals.
Later on in 2007 in order to maintain peace and for protection of the human
rights of individual in Darfur region US deployed 26000 troops and were ordered
to use force for protecting the civilians against mass atrocities under the
program United Nations African Union Mission (UNAMID)
Moreover government left
no stone unturned to hinder the program UNAMID which aims to protect the human
rights of civilians and provide them necessary aid. In 2009 ICC ( International
Criminal Court) issued arrest warrant against the President Omar Al Bashir for
crime against humanity as mass killings, looting, and women were raped by the
Arab militants and the Sudanese Army. Government further compelled the agencies
to leave Sudan who provide aid to the displaced and needed civilians without
giving a thought about the individual who needed the help of these type of
In February 2010, Sudanese Government and JEM mutually agreed and signed a
ceasefire agreement in order to maintain peace in the region but could not be
followed later as Sudanese government accused of killings and looting of
civilians in Darfur region.
In 2011, South Sudan got independence from Sudan and got established as a
separate country. During that time only Peace agreement got signed between the
rebels of liberation movement and Sudanese government in order to establish
peace in Darfur region. After that peace agreement got signed between the rebel
of liberation movement and Sudanese Government improvement wwere noticed in the
region in maintaining peace in Darfur region from both side but it could not
implemented properly due lack of enforcement and implementation.
Failure of the Peace agreement again lead to atrocities against the individual.
In 2014 and 2015 Janjaweed ( Arab muslim rebels ) force backed up by the
Sudanese government started counter rebellion against the Non Arab Rebels and
civilians and commited acts of killings, looting and women were raped , children
got slaughtered by them in the Darfur region.
Violence got continued against the
civilians in 2016 also various barbaric events witness the ruthlessness of the
Arab rebel force in compliance of the Sudanese Government. Due to these
atrocities lakhs of people got displace according to one of the reports 160000
people displaced. Some international organizations also accused Sudanese
Government that the even used chemical weapons against the civilians.
Even in 2018 these killing and the violent act against the civilians continued
by the forces backed up by the government led forces because of which 2 million
people got displaced and nearly about 5 million of people got affected in this
After being in power for 30 years President Omar Al Bashir thrown out and soon
after his removal from the President an unarmed rebellion started throughout the
country with respect to this unarmed protest government counterattack with the
Military council took over after the removal of the President Omar Al Bashir and
in 2019 got restored by transitional government comprised of military council
and the civilian members.
Later on in 2020 Omar Al Bashir was handed over the International Criminal Court
by the transitional government of Sudan.
What would be the future in Sudan
After the removal of President Omar Al Bashir in 2019 and succeeding to him
establishment of new transitional government. For stability country need a
permanent government who can run the affairs of the country in a well planned
manner. It was being noticed that in 2020 also when the Sudan was ruled by the
transitional government at that also several incidents of killings, looting and
where women got raped and children got slaughtered got reported in Darfur
The barbaric acts and events which were witnessed by the civilians of Darfur
region must be horrible and would not only limited to the people who faced it
but have a great impact on mankind. It must be stop so that the future
generation should not suffer or witness any of these horrifying happened in
International community must raise their voice together to have a full stop on
these atrocities which are faced by the people of Darfur. These violent acts or
mass killing were not restricted to people of Darfur rather it should be
consider as a collective attack on the mankind. All the countries must unite
together and fight against the evil who carry out violence against mankind.