Child's Mental Health
A child's mental health during his/her childhood is the foundation of how
his/her future personality is going to be. Being mentally healthy during
childhood is an imperative factor because that's exactly how the child learns to
socialize and develop socializing skills without any problems and learn how to
cope with problems, withstand them and face them with utmost emotional strength.
This will only happen if the child is mentally strong and knows how to deal with
such scenarios using his skills. Children who have always been mentally healthy
have a positive way of living their lives and can normally adapt to new changes
and function well in groups, among family and friends and in society.
Mental disorders and mental illness among children are serious issues because
such disorders can completely change how children will carry on with their lives
in the future. Either they will avoid talking to people, be scared of talking to
people, have trusts issues, avoid being in groups or avoid making friends. Not
only this, children who have suffered from traumas in their past can get panic
attacks or chronic anxiety attacks in case they face a similar situation again
at some point in their lives.
A mentally healthy child will be able to function
normally in such a case, but a mentally ill child won't be able to do the same.
Such children cannot handle their emotions in such cases, and therefore, it
causes severe problems. The problems may include facing problems in learning
things, facing problems in understanding really basic things in life, facing
problems while talking to new people and facing problems while dealing with
things that mentally healthy children can easily deal with.
If such symptoms are long-term and do not go away even after a long period, then
it can be said that the child is suffering from a mental disorder and is not
mentally healthy. Common mental disorders that hamper the child's mental health
include attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorders, autism,
bipolar disorders, intellectual disability, schizophrenia, depression, eating
disorders or behaviour disorders.
A child may suffer from disorders based on how
he/she was treated in the past. Certain examples of how the aforementioned
disorders originate in a child's life can be: the child was not properly treated
in the past due to the parent's incapacity to deal with a child, the child was
not given the love, attention and care that one needs to grow mentally, the
child was abused in the past, the child was subjected to ill-treatment in the
past, the child was told repeatedly that he/she is not good enough or the child
may have been sexually abused in the past. All these examples lead to the
child's mental health being severely disturbed.
According to a report of UNICEF, children with mental disorders and the children
who are mentally unwell in India are mostly not diagnosed and do not reach out
to someone who knows how to deal with such things because they are hesitant to
do so. According to the Indian Journal of Psychiatry in 2019, 50-60 million
children in India were not mentally healthy and 90% of the children never
reached out for help.
This is a very big number and a matter of concern as well
because these children are the future of our nation. In addition to this, the
report states that only 0.05% of India's health budget was spent on the mental
health of children.
According to me, it is an alarming number because if they
are not diagnosed and treated, they will never be able to live a normal life
like us. I believe that the government should look into this matter of concern
and spread awareness about the mental health of children by launching different
schemes, campaigns, parenting programmes, conducting mental health workshops in
schools and normalising talking about the mental health of children in society.
Only then we will be able to save such innocent children and help them in making
their lives beautiful.
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