The preamble of the Indian Constitution serves as a brief introductory
statement of the Constitution that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and
philosophy of the Indian Constitution.By 42nd Constitutional Amendment,
1976, it was amended which determined to constitute India into a Sovereign,
Socialist, Secular and Democratic Republic. It secures justice, liberty,
equality to all citizens of India and promotes fraternity amongst the people.
The idea of the following things can be given by the Preamble which are:
·Source of the Constitution
·Nature of Indian State
·A statement of its objectives
·Date of its adoption
The Preamble of Indian Constitution
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a
SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of
In Our Constituent Assembly
this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do
Hereby Adopt, Enact And Give To Ourselves This Constitution. Components of
1. It is indicated by the Preamble that the source of authority of the
Constitution lies with the people of India.
2. Preamble declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and
3. The objectives stated by the Preamble are to secure justice, liberty,
equality to all citizens and promote fraternity to maintain unity and integrity
of the nation.
4. The date is mentioned in the preamble when it was adopted i.e. November
Key Words In The Preamble
The term ‘Sovereign’ which is proclaimed by the Preamble means that India has
its own independent authority and it is not a dominion of any other external
power. In the country, the legislature has the power to make laws which is
subjected to certain limitations.
The term ‘Socialist’ was added in the Preamble by 42nd Amendment, 1976 which
means the achievement of socialist ends through democratic means. It is
basically a ‘Democratic Socialism’ that holds faith in a mixed economy where
both private and public sectors co-exist side by side.
The term ‘Secular’ was incorporated in the Preamble by 42nd Constitutional
Amendment, 1976 which means that all the religions in India get equal respect,
protection and support from the state.
The term ‘Democratic’ implies that the Constitution of India has an established
form of Constitution which gets its authority from the will of the people
expressed in an election.
The term ‘Republic’ indicates that the head of the state is elected by the
people directly or indirectly. In India, the President is the head of the state
and he is elected indirectly by the people.
Interpretation By The Supreme Court
·Berubari Union case
In this case, it was held by the Supreme Court that the Preamble is the part of
the Constitution.However, it recognised that the Preamble could be used as a
guiding principle if a term in any article of the Constitution is ambiguous or
has more than one meaning.
·Keshvananda Bharti v. State of Kerala
In this case, The Supreme Court overturned its earlier decision and held that
the Preamble is a part of the Constitution and can be amended under Article 368
of the Constitution. Again, in LIC of India case, the Supreme Court held that
the Preamble is a part of the Constitution.
 Decided on 14th March, 1960.
 (1973) 4 SCC 225.