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Importance Of Fundamental Duties And Role Of Citizens In Upholding Sovereignty, Unity And Integrity Of India

We are entitled to certain privileges as well as obliged to certain duties as a citizen of India. As responsible people, it is our responsibility to abide by these laws and to carry out our duties. Furthermore, understanding our fundamental duties is vital so as to uphold the Sovereignty, Unity & Integrity of India.

The concept of obligation is not a new one, especially when it comes to Indian society. For a long time, there has been an emphasis on performing one's "Kartavya" towards society, parents and the country. As we all know underlying duty exists when there is a right, and therefore rights and duties are correlative. The fundamental responsibilities nudge every citizen of the country to ensure that they recognize the fact that when the Constitution specifically confers certain fundamental rights on them it also requires them to comply with certain rudimentary standards of democratic behavior.

By the 42nd Amendment in 1976, as introduced by the Swaran Singh Committee, the chapter on the fundamental duties of citizens was incorporated into the Constitution. Article 51-A of the Constitution sets out the different fundamental duties of the citizens of India, which were initially been ten in number, but later the Fundamental Duties were further increased to eleven by the 86th Amendment in 2002.

The Fundamental Duties require all people to honour India's national symbols, to cherish its heritage, to conserve its composite culture and to assist in its protection. All Indians are also obliged to cultivate the spirit of common brotherhood, protect the environment and public property, develop scientific temperament, abjure violence, and strive for excellence in all spheres.

Nonetheless, as per the provisions of the Constitution, people are under a legal duty to perform these duties. However, as in the case of the Directive Principles, there is no legal penalty in the event of a failure or non-compliance with certain obligations.

Features of Fundamental Duties

Both spiritual and civic responsibilities were included in the fundamental duties. For example, it is on moral leadership to cherish noble values of freedom struggle, but it is on civic leadership to respect the constitution, national flag, and national emblem.

However some of the fundamental rights are broadened to foreigners as well as aliens but fundamental duties are merely constrained to Indian citizenship and do extend towards foreigners.

Fundamental duties are also like the Directive principles that are non-enforceable in nature. The government is unable to impose civil sanctions for breaching them.
Essentially, the duties are taken from the culture, mythology, religions and traditions of India. These were basically the roles of codifying activities central to the Indian way of life.

Significance of Fundamental Duties

This needs all people to abide by the Constitution and support its principles and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem; to respect and obey the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for liberty; to uphold and protect India's sovereignty, unity and dignity; to defend and serve the country when called upon to do so to foster peace and integrity; and to provide opportunities for the education of a child between the ages of 6 and 14 for those who are parents or guardians.

As can be seen from this list, while our democracy has been strengthened by fundamental rights, fundamental duties remain necessary in order to strengthen our society. Adherence to them would guarantee common fraternity, reinforce the unity and dignity of India and boost the quality of life. A strong understanding of basic obligations is also a must, since we are not only the world's largest democracy, but also the world's most diverse society.

So these help to cultivate a sense of discipline and loyalty towards the country. By the active participation of people rather than mere observers, helps to achieve national goals. In deciding the constitutionality of the statute, these duties help the Court. For example, if any law enacted by the legislatures is taken to the Court for the constitutional validity of the law, if it gives force to any fundamental obligation, then such laws will be taken as fair.

Fundamental duties, despite their non-enforceability, are more essential for a democratic state like India. A democratic state cannot survive unless its people are able to take an active role in government and accept responsibility for the country's best interests. Many of these duties are now incorporated as separate laws and are enforceable by statute, but the importance of those duties referred to in Article 51A is not reduced. The best aspect is the term 'Fundamental' before duties, which gives equal status to and can be contrasted with Fundamental Rights.

"Every right is married to a duty,Every freedom owes a corresponding responsibility" - Rusell kirk

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