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History Of Democracy

"hat these dead shall not have died in vain- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth" -- Abraham Lincoln the Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863

What is Democracy?

Democracy means rule by the people. The name is employed for various sorts of government, where the people can participate within the decisions that affect the way their community is run. A democratic government is a system of government that is elected by the whole adult population, people over the age of 18 years. They do this by choosing someone to represent their community at an area , state, and federal level. The purpose of the elected government is to protect the people and promote their rights, interests, and welfare to the benefit of everyone.

Where the term democracy derives from?

The word democracy originated in ancient Greece over 2400 years ago.
'Demos' means common people
'Kratos' means strength

Democracy as we know it today as freedom system of government in which citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from amongst themselves. The term democracy first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical Fort in the city state of Athens during classical antiquity even the word democracy comes from the agent Greek language demos meaning people and kratos meaning strength, Athenians established what is generally held is the first democracy in 580 - 507BC.

Cleisthenes is known as the father of Athenian democracy Athenian democracy took the form of a direct democracy and it had to distinguishing features the random selection of ordinary citizens to fill the few existing government administrative and judicial officers and the legislative assembly consisting of all the senior citizens. All eligible citizens were allowed to speak and vote in the assembly which set the laws of the city state however opinion citizenship excluded women slaves foreign so wasn't that free of world in voters we know today but it was a good start.

The Roman Republic contributed significantly to many aspects of democracy only a minority of Romans for citizens with votes in elections for representatives additionally the Roman model of governments inspired many political thinkers health centuries and days modern representative democracies imitate more the Roman the Greek models because it was a state in which supreme power was held by the people and their elected representatives and which had an elected or nominated leader another example that the natives in North America which between around 1450 -1680 AD also develop the form of democratic society before they came in contact with the Europeans this indicates the forms of democracy may have been invented in other societies around the world in medieval times most regions in Europe or ruled by clergy or future loads almost no democracy remain from the ancient Greeks or Romans the parliament.

The first English parliament was created in 1265 starting separation of powers in state many laws and rules are made after this event in the whole of Europe the power of kings began to fade to local nobles and afterwards to the people after some centuries the case of proclamations in 1610 in England decided that the king by his proclamation or other ways cannot change any part of the common law or statute law all the customs of the realm awesome after World War One Austria Hungary and the Ottoman Empire collapse giving the opportunity to oppressed nations to be free in 1918 the United Kingdom granted the right to vote to women and in 1928 granted women and men equal rights in 1920 women stop the right to vote in the United States and in 1944 in France 1920 for granted full US citizenship to Americas indigenous peoples.

History of direct Democracy

One strand of thought sees direct democracy as common and widespread in pre-state societies.

The earliest well-documented direct democracy is claimed to be the Athenian democracy of the 5th century BC. The main bodies within the Athenian democracy were the assembly, composed of male citizens; the boul, composed of 500 citizens; and therefore the law courts, composed of a huge number of jurors chosen by lot, with no judges. Ancient Attica had only about 30,000 male citizens, but several thousand of them.

were politically active in each year and many of them quite regularly for years on end. The Athenian democracy was direct not only within the sense that the assembled people made decisions, but also within the sense that the people - through the assembly, boul, and law courts - controlled the whole political process, and an outsized proportion of citizens were involved constantly publicly affairs. Most modern democracies, being representative, not direct, don't resemble the Athenian system.

Also relevant to the history of direct democracy is that the history of Ancient Rome, specifically during the Roman Republic , traditionally founded around 509 BC.Rome displayed many aspects of democracy, both direct and indirect, from the age of Roman monarchy all the thanks to the collapse of the Roman Empire.

While the Roman senate was the most body with historical longevity, lasting from the Roman kingdom until after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, it did not embody a purely democratic approach, being made up - during the late republic - of former elected officials, providing advice instead of creating law.

The democratic aspect of the constitution resided within the Roman popular assemblies, where the people organised into centuriae or into tribes - counting on the assembly - and cast votes on various matters, including elections and laws, proposed before them by their elected magistrates. Some classicists have argued that the Roman Republic deserves the label of democracy, with universal suffrage for man citizens, popular sovereignty, and transparent deliberation of public affairs. Many historians mark the top of the Republic with the lex Titia, passed on 27 November 43 BC, which eliminated many oversight provisions.

Ultramodern Direct Republic also occurs within the Crow Nation, a Native American Tribe in the United States of America. The lineage is organized around a General Council formed of all voting- age members. The General Council has the power to produce fairly- binding opinions through blackballs. The General Council was first elevated in the 1948 Crow Constitution and was upheld andre-instated with the 2002 Constitution.

Some of the issues girding the affiliated notion of a direct republic using the Internet and other dispatches technologies are dealt with in the composition one-democracy and below under the heading Electronic direct republic. Further compactly, the conception of open- source governance applies principles of the free software movement to the governance of people, allowing the entire crowd to share in government directly, as much or as little as they please.

Direct republic is the base of challenger and left-libertarian political study Direct republic has been supported by challenger thinkers since its commencement, and direct republic as a political proposition has been largely told by anarchism.

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