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Human Rights And Sociology

Human Rights
Human rights are the basic rights that are available to every individual around the globe that initiates from the time one takes birth and lasts till death. Human rights basically include dignity, fairness, equality, respect and so on. According to Merriam-Webster, human rights are the rights that are available to all individuals fundamentally. These rights are conferred upon an individual from the time he/she enters this world.

Ensuring human rights to every human is the key aspect of a society and to safeguard this around the globe various measures have been adopted, one such measure is the Universal Deceleration of Human Rights (UDHR), 1948. After the establishment of UDHR in 1948 more than 50 international institutions concerning human rights, protection was or have been adopted. Even the Constitution of India affirms the provision for human rights and provides measures to safeguard the same.

Sociology
Sociology is a very familiar term as it was first coined by a writer or a jurist called Comte, he described sociology as a positive concept of social life. Sociology or its various schools determines the law as a social phenomenon and analyse the law in relation to society.

Sociology is been explained in various ways by various jurists in their ways, like Spencer, a famous sociological jurist explained it using Darwin's theory of evolution in society. Inhering, Ehrlich, Leon Duguid and Roscoe Pound are a few famous sociological schools' expounders.

According to sociology and its schools, the law is considered a social institution that may be advanced or improved by appropriate efforts. Most importantly, the main purpose or objective of sociology is to ensure that the work of the law is to serve and fulfil the requirements of society.

Human Rights and Sociology

One of the basic issues concerning human rights is that the people do not frame their issues and grievances according to the language of the rights enshrined. There is a similar instance where, whenever Canadians believe that there is something wrong and what restitution they recite to the institution's democracy, Christian values, British justice and socialism.

According to sociologists' point of view, human rights is protection or an entitlement that is initiated by the community itself that inculcates: non-governmental organisations (NGOs), social movement organisations (SMOs), intergovernmental organisations, etc. The method of demarcating Asians in the school from the non-Asian was deplored by Andrew. It was stated that such demarcation is not only a violation of fundamental doctrines of the British justice system rather of the Christian principles also.

The sociological approach towards human rights is that these rights have been evolved or developed through society and the state itself, not by mere principles. A clear demarcation is there between human rights and laws, on the first part it is codified law while on the other hand, it symbolises competing moral claims, and hence human rights cover within its ambit both sociological as well as legal aspects.

Griffin stated that human rights should be understood from the perspective of social life. The scope of human rights shall be augmented and it shall be looked beyond the ambit of universalism and shall accept the fact that each society has its rights that are established socially. The insertion of universalism in human rights confuses the way in which it is utilized as a well-defined social tradition.

The legal aspect that is imposed or put forward concerning human rights is that human rights have been derived fem a pre-social individual that has the right by virtue of humanity. Different theories have defined human rights in their own way, if we look at human rights from the perspective of a sociological approach, it defines human rights as anything that is linked or connected to the scope of the state and the society that assure enjoyment or realisation of these rights.

Human rights are a specific category of social practice. Sociology plays an important role in determining what is a human right n its real sense, and it also aids in determining how and why human rights across the globe have emerged as a strong social force. More ever, it helps in determining how human rights are utilized, how society redresses the competing rights and also helps in determining the actual reason behind the emergence of human rights in historical terms.

The founder and expounders of the sociological approach namely Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber believed that rights are nothing except a philosophical notion. Sociologists recognized the influence of human rights in society a nit later. Several attempts have been made to understand the popularisation of human rights through so ictal requirements that comprise democracy and capitalism.

It was mentioned that human rights have emerged through mutual understanding and shared belief in the society that forces state authority to enact a specific law in this regard. Hence, each and every society has its own different culture of rights. Though human rights are universally applicable, they do not share a universal common understanding. It is the organisations, institutions, history and state practices that shape the rights culture in a society.

Conclusion
The sociologist aspect of human rights includes the examination of social origins and their impacts on human rights standards, practices, doctrines, producers and institutions. The concept of sociology of human rights has recently emerged after the industrial revolution in the 19th century. The classical jurists namely Karl Marx, Max Weber and Emile Durkheim casts a cynical light on the concept of Human rights while the current sociological jurists have contributed to the advancement and recognition of the notion of human rights.

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