Nodal Agencies for Disaster Management:
- Floods: Ministry of Water Resources, CWC
- Cyclones: Indian Meteorological Department
- Earthquakes: Indian Meteorological Department
- Epidemics: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
- Avian Flu: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of
Agriculture and Animal Husbandry
- Chemical Disasters: Ministry of Environment and Forests
- Industrial Disasters: Ministry of Labour
- Rail Accidents: Ministry of
- Air Accidents: Ministry of Civil Aviation
- Fire: Ministry of Home
- Nuclear Incidents: Department of Atomic Energy
- Mine Disasters: Department of Mines
Disaster Management Act
- The Government have enacted and notified the Disaster Management Act,
2005 on December 26, 2005 to provide for institutional mechanisms for
drawing up and monitoring the implementation of the disaster management
plans, ensuring measures by various wings of Government for prevention and
mitigating effects of disasters and for undertaking a holistic, coordinated
and prompt response to any disaster situation.
- The Act provides for setting up of a National Disaster Management
under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, State Disaster Management
Authorities (SDMAs) under the chairmanship of the Chief ministers and District
Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs) under the chairmanship of District
Role of Central and State Govts
- Basic responsibility for rescue, relief and rehabilitation with the
- The Central Government supplements the efforts of State Governments. by
providing financial and logistic support in case of major disasters.
- The logistic support includes deployment of aircrafts and boats,
specialist teams of Armed Forces, Central Para Military Forces and personnel
of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), arrangements for relief materials & essential
commodities including medical stores, restoration of critical infrastructure
facilities including communication network and such other assistance as may be
required by the affected States to meet the situation effectively.
- The existing scheme, based on the recommendations of the Eleventh
Finance Commission, is valid for the period 2000-05. Under this, expenditure
on immediate relief to the victims of natural calamities can be met by the
State Governments through the following Funds: Calamity Relief Fund (CRF) constituted
for each State with pre-determined annual allocations for each of the five year
period. The Central Government contributes 75% and the State Govt. 25%.
- When the calamity is of a severe nature and the CRF is not sufficient, the
States may approach Central Government for additional assistance from the
National Calamity Contingency Fund (NCCF) which is financed by levy of a special
surcharge on Central (federal) taxes for a limited period.
Govt.'s approach to Disaster Management
- Change in orientation from a primarily relief-centric approach to a
holistic approach emphasizing mitigation, prevention and preparedness
besides strengthening response, relief and rehabilitation mechanisms.
- Creation of institutional mechanisms at National and State levels to
provide appropriate coordinating platforms keeping in view the
multidisciplinary nature of the activities required to be undertaken to
reduce and manage the risk from natural hazards.
- The Government of India, after considering the recommendations of the
Expert Group, approved revision of items and norms of assistance from CRF/NCCF.
- The revised items and norms of assistance were circulated to all the
States and concerned Central Ministries on June 27, 2007.
- Core Groups comprising eminent experts / administrators set up to guide
and facilitate formulation of strategies and programmes for mitigation of
earthquakes, cyclones and landslides.
- Emphasis on adherence to prescribed standards/codes for seismically
resistant building designs and construction. Programmes for sensitization/training of
Engineers, Architects and Masons in these aspects being implemented.
- Model building bye laws/regulations developed and interaction with State
level authorities in progress to facilitate adoption and enforcement of
appropriate techno- legal regime for hazard resistant construction
- Evaluation of existing building stock and infrastructure, particularly
life-line buildings and vital installations, for seismic safety, to carry
- Sensitization and training of elected representatives, Civil
servants/Police/Forest Service Officers and other public officials in
disaster risk management.
- Awareness generation to inform and educate the general public on hazard
risks, vulnerability, and basic do's and don'ts
- Community level preparedness through programmes involving preparation of
village/Block/District level Disaster Management Plans, constitution and
training of Disaster Management Committees/teams.
- Strengthening of disaster warning systems for cyclones, floods and
- Drawing up project proposals for construction of multi-utility cyclone
shelters, coastal shelter belt plantations
- Emphasis on drawing up and periodic rehearsing of on-site and off-site
hazard management plans by industries stocking/producing hazardous materials
- Incorporating disaster management basics in school education.
- Disaster management/mitigation aspects being incorporated in
Engineering/Architecture/Medical Education curricula
New Directions for Disaster Management in India
- A National Disaster Mitigation Fund will be administered by NDMA. States and
districts will administer mitigation funds.
- A National Disaster Response Fund will be administered by NDMA through the
National Executive Committee. States and Districts will administer state
Disaster Response Fund and Disaster Response Fund respectively.
- 8 Battalions of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are being trained
and deployed with CSSR and MFR equipment and tools in eight strategic
- A National Disaster Management Policy and National Disaster Response
Plan will also be drawn up.
Role of the state government during a disaster:
- In the state level disaster management it is the responsibility of the
chief minister or the chief secretary of the state. All decisions on relief
operations are taken by them
- Work is further delegated to the Relief commissioner who is in charge of
relief and rehabilitation measures. He functions under the directive of the
state level committee.
- The secretary of the department of Review is sometimes in charge of
Disaster management at the district level
- Government plans for disaster management are implemented by the district
- The actual ground work for relief is the responsibility of the district
magistrate, the district collector and the deputy commissioner; they
coordinate and supervise the relief work.
- The district disaster management committee is headed by the district
- Officers from the health; irrigation; veterinary; police; fire services
and the water and sanitation departments are members of this committee
- The district disaster management committee takes decisions on the relief
measure and those decisions are carried out by the disaster management
- Trained persons from all the departments carried out the relief
Main functions of the District disaster management committee
- The committee prepares the District disaster management plan for the
- The committee trains members of the disaster management Team in rescue
and relief operations.
- The committee carries out mock rescue drills as a preparation for
The Role of Government in a Disaster Management
What is a disaster?
Disaster is a sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage
or loss of life.
"A disaster can be defined as any occurrence that causes damage, ecological
disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of health and health services on a
scale, sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected
community or area". (W.H.O.)
There are mainly two types of disaster:
What is disaster management?
"Disaster management" is the creation of plans through which communities
reduce the impact of disasters.
Components of Disaster Management:
- Mitigation / Reduction
Principles of Disaster Management:
- Minimize casualties
- Prevent further casualties
- Rescue the victims
- First aid
- Medical care
Role of Government:
- The Government of India enacted the Disaster Management Act, which
envisaged the creation of "National Disaster Management Authority" (NDMA), "National
Disaster Response Force" (NDRF).
- Symbolic of National will to provide a multidisciplinary, multi-skilled,
high-tech Specialist Response Force for all types of disaster capable of
insertion by Air, Sea & Land.
Capabilities & Strength Of NDRF:
- Capable in CSSR(Collapsed Structure Search & Rescue) operations
- Men are trained in MFR (Medical First Responder)
- Men are trained in Flood and mountain rescue operations.
- Each unit has deep divers.
- 36 Dogs would be present with capability of search & rescue operations.
- Presence of specialized manpower viz. 36 Engineers, 19 Doctors, 36
Nurses, 18 Technicians, 18 Electricians etc. make it a highly specialized
- Authorization and presence of highly specialized equipment.
- High mobility.
Role Of NDRF:
- Will impart Disaster Management training to the local police, District
Authorities, PRIs and other Stakeholders
- Will organise community awareness and preparedness programme during
familiarization & recee of vulnerable areas in the A.I.R.
- Will impart training to the teachers and school children in the
management of Natural Disasters.
During - Disaster
- Pro-active deployment at level - III disaster.
- Provide hi-tech-specialist response during search and rescue of victims.
- Provide immediate relief with available men and material in the affected
Post - Disaster
To assist States in recovery- maintenance of normalcy at the areas of
few specific types of disasters the concerned Ministries have the nodal
responsibilities for management of the disasters, as under:
- Drought - Ministry of Agriculture
- Epidemics & Biological Disasters -Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
- Chemical Disasters - Ministry of Environment & Forests
- Nuclear Disasters - Ministry of Atomic Energy
- Air Accidents - Ministry of Civil Aviation
- Railway Accidents - Ministry of Railways