In India's Government economic survey of 2016-17, chapter nine discuss next
chapter Universal Basic Income notion was explained and get recommended for
removing left out poverty. In 2019, during political champing of Rahul Gandhi at
Chattisgarh, he promised to introduced and implements Universal Basic Income in
whole of India through which Poor farmers will be benefited.
Before knowing the consequences of it we need to understand the holistic view on
it. Universal basic Income is based on three principles they are; General
applicability of Rule, Basic support which is necessary for livelihood and
monetary support. This concept consider human being as active agency as it talk
about providing direct monetary support while presuming that the individual is
capable of knowing right and wrong action with respect to society.
This policy is already being introduced and implemented in countries like
Finland, Canada and Australia. It has also been introduced in Switzerland and
there people rejected it. As of other developed countries can India follow it,
if yes then how? To answer this question legal and economic angel need to be
highlighted. The proposed amount which should be paid through this policy is
Rupee 1,168 per person per month which will amount to 19.3 trillion which is 12%
of current GDP. Present subsidiary support amounts to 2.6% GDP on other hand.
If we want to pay within present proportion then as per it every individual will
be entitled to get Rs. 16000 per year. But even with this amount there is no
surety that how much money will be spend where. Also if other subsidiary had
given good result then what is the sense of removing it? Next is the legal
context, according to the Indian Constitution for economical justice government
can give support to poor people but UBI deals with distribution of money to all
segment of society in general way through which constitutional principle gets
In this only as India is such a diverse country generally distribution of wealth
is not possible. In all of sense, this policy can't be opted in true way. But
recently Sikkim has planned to introduce it in a pilot project. Such project do
not get any criticizes from any state or central as Sikkim is the most
progressive state of India.
It is one among the sulfurous developing state with organic agricultural
practices, least poverty, high HR index growth and one family one government job
scheme as already being into practice successfully.
These achievements make it enable to introduce this project without any
objection. But on national level to carry forward such policy by removing
already available scheme can became big blunder, therefore author oppose this
motion for near future aspect in India.