To deter crime and protect the country's citizens, the Police in India
require a compatible technical upgrade. Therefore, law enforcement agencies
(LEAs) must integrate technology into their operations as soon as possible
because it can operate as a force multiplier. In addition, modern technology
enables practical tasks to be faster, more effective, and operational, improving
police credibility as high-tech crime investigators. This paper investigates how
and why India's policing system is falling adrift in modern-tech advancement and
achieving intended objectives.
Police agencies were established to ensure that all citizens follow the laws and
rules to maintain community security and the globe an excellent environment to
dwell in. Technological advances are more than just improved technologies. The
new tactics, ideas, concepts, procedures, and so on will be an integral element
of the new evolving technology. However, advanced innovation could only be
implemented if policemen feel charitable community work, accountability,
devotion, and ethically grounded sincerity.
In addition to the ethical code, the LEAs must enjoy the new emerging atmosphere
surrounding them with vibrant excitement and a practical action approach to
build community in a fresh, distinctive, and positive direction.
How Does Technology Help In Law Enforcement?
LEAs may utilise technology to improve their productivity and efficiency in
various ways. One, modernise public services. Most Indians fear the prospect of
having to visit a police station. Technologies can assist in improving the
quality of this relationship. People can use online connections with policemen
to obtain assistance from the comforts of their own homes.
These digital portals also give citizens an accessible and accessible system for
registering complaints, providing comments, and tracking the progress of their
concerns. Technologies may also be utilised to display dashboards for superior
police officers' regions of authority, discover trends, tendencies, and
anomalies, and take remedial measures.
How Technical Advancement Ensures The Faster Investigation?
Nowadays, police forces may employ technologies to monitor and investigate
illegal conduct that is taking place in real time. These technologies enable
police forces to be highly preventative rather than reactive.
The following detecting, tracking, and locating devices tech aids police
When policemen require an overhead sight of an incident, drones can assist
them in securely observing the region.
- Global Positioning Systems (GPS):
GPS not only allows police personnel to find incident sites and perpetrators
quickly. It also aids agencies in efficiently managing their police officers
since the mapping of policemen distribution may guarantee that more regions
are monitored. Furthermore, because geolocation systems are effortlessly
integrated into reporting, incorporating GPS with other enforcement
technologies produces information more reliable.
Gunshot tech recognises gunfire and provides police personnel with rapid
accessibility to gunshot area mapping and details on the number of shooters
involved and the number of rounds shot.
Automated license plate scanning equipment allows police to instantaneously
determine whether a vehicle in their vicinity has been robbed or whether the
driver is wanted.
Surveillance cameras: Surveillance cameras may record occurrences in a specific
region and offer crucial information to LEAs.
In the broad sense, monitoring tools can assist police officers in ensuring
complete and reliable reports throughout inspections.
Advantages of Using Technology
In his essay "Technology is Playing an Expanding Role in Policing," David J.
Roberts explains technology's numerous advantages to police agencies.
According to Roberts, technical improvements have brought the significant
advantages to police agencies:
Issues and challenges
- Easy access to past knowledge.
- Details in a system may be quickly researched and accessed by detectives,
enabling organisations to conduct inspections with greater preciseness and
minimising dangers to police.
- Technologies have made it possible for officers to be more educated,
effective, and competent, allowing them to dedicate more hours to patrolling
and interacting with the public.
- With advanced reporting features, police may waste fewer hours preparing
files and capturing data at their station. In addition, it is considerably
easier and quicker to prepare and amend records with computerised data
- Police interaction among themselves is much more effective.
- Administration can oversee agencies' personnel more effectively, track
patterns of crime, and use resources more effectively.
- Data exchange across organisation personnel is required to plan for,
avoid, react to, and rehabilitate from numerous crises that pose an
escalating danger to community security. In addition, data transmission
enables better emergency response and administration, hence assisting
departments at all stages of their daily operations.
Although technologies have undeniably aided enforcement, many of these
improvements have had adverse and sometimes overlooked effects on police
enforcement. Understanding and using many of these sophisticated technologies
entails a certain strain level. Police must adopt technologies, but they may not
necessarily be given adequate instruction to proficiently.
Administration officials must recognise that transitioning to the latest tech
frequently produces strain on police, and they must reduce that kind of burden.
Technologies are crucial in influencing police, as their application is
frequently viewed as critical to achieving competence and fostering
effectiveness. It is required for security and safety duties such as monitoring
and tracking, and it is a critical help to law enforcement in its investigation
duty, such as in forensics. Deployment of evolving technical technologies can
have many further implications for police practices, including power over the
community, civil liberties, and policy reform.
The following are three such impediments that the administration must eliminate
in terms of making this practicable for police departments:
If the expense of regulating and executing new latest technological concepts
is weighed with the usage of previous resources, it will leave a significant
gap in the administration's wallets.
- Odds of Failings:
Another critical concern for the administration is the danger that
technological advances may not serve their goal despite being pursued.
The danger linked with the mon power: Further difficulty that the LEAs has
is the chance that various agencies and personnel will not embrace or adjust
to the modern technology, resulting in less efficient outcomes.
Finally, technologies have provided several benefits to LEAs. Modern digital
tools can assist cops in executing their jobs more efficiently, decrease
personnel constraints, and boost police officers' security. On the other hand,
Technologies may be a cause of strain for police. Authorities must acknowledge
this pressure and undertake efforts to assist police in becoming adept and
acquainted with technologies.