Problem Of Ground Water Pollution In India:
In simple words, groundwater is fresh water that soaks into the soil and is
stored in the pores between rocks and particles of soil. Groundwater accounts to
95% of the world's freshwater resources.
Because of groundwater we can dig or drill wells down into an aquifer and use
that water during dry periods.
Groundwater is mostly used for the purpose of irrigation, domestic purposes and
manufacturing and industrial purposes.
The usage of groundwater has increased drastically over the decades. India is
the largest user of groundwater. India is estimated to be using 250 cubic
kilometers of groundwater every year, which is the quarter of global total
While over exploitation of groundwater is an issue there is also an increase in
pollution among ground water. When compared to water pollution that is happening
in rivers or lakes, groundwater pollution is worse. Groundwater isnot visible
thus making it difficult to control them.
The main cause of groundwater pollution is because of:
- Improper disposal or storage of hazardous materials
- Improper use of fertilizers, animal manures, pesticides, and
- Chemical spills
- Improperly maintained or built septic tanks
When groundwater is used in excess in coastal areas, the risk of sea water
intrusion is higher. When sea water gets mixed with groundwater it makes the
groundwater more contaminated and the water cannot be used for drinking
Legal actions that can be taken by the government:
The government must take adequate steps in taking care of the resources.
- Proper disposal methods must be enforced. As though it seems like an
individual's duty to dispose the waste. The government must make regulations
relating to it, especially if it is factories, manufacturing industries
- As we are very much aware that most of a nation's groundwater is used
for irrigation, new regulations regarding groundwater irrigation should be
made. There should be a limit for water usage.
- Even in wells where groundwater is drilled, stringent charges must be
made against any unauthorized person drilling water for wells.
- There should be regulation that states the amount of water that can be
drilled through groundwater. For example, a 100m limit can be allotted by
central ground water board.
- For domestic purposes groundwater is drilled. Every house they
areborewell on their own. There should be rules that state the distance
between two wells. Minimum limit like 50m should At least be allotted.
- Groundwater recharge should be mobilized in accordance with Checkdam
facilities. So that it will help in ground recharge, improve irrigation,and
sustain drinking water supply through wells during drought years.
Groundwater is not something that is always discussed about, but we need it
every single day. If the government can regulate these amends, it would really
reduce the over usage of ground water in our country and it would also be able
to control the ground water pollution in our country.