This paper discusses about Child abuse in India. Child abuse happens across
all cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. Reason for Child abuse can also
be physical, emotional, verbal, sexual, or neglectful. Abuse can result in
significant damage or even death to a Child. Rape, sexual abuse, and sexual
harassment are rising issues in India. In India, there has been relatively
little research in this sector, and just a few books have been created, further
obscuring the issue.
However, the problem persists with remarkable frequency, and the distinctive
character of Indians adds complication to an already difficult situation.
Fortunately, child sexual abuse is gradually becoming a recognised issue. The
reason for Child Abuse includes deprivation of a Childs rights which includes
economic, social, and cultural rights such as the right to an education, a fair
standard of living, health care, and so on.
Children's rights are a subset of human rights that pay special emphasis to
kids' rights to specific protection and care. This research paper tries to
discuss about problems faced by children's and laws present to protect them.
Child abuse is the emotional, physical, financial, and sexual exploitation of
children under the age of 18, and it is a worldwide problem. However, the size,
breadth, and trends of the problem remain unknown in India, as they are in many
other nations. The expanding complexities of life, as well as severe
socioeconomic changes in India, have made youngsters more vulnerable to
different types of exploitation.
Child abuse has substantial physical and emotional implications that are
detrimental to a child's health and well-being. "Child abuse or maltreatment is
any type of physical and/or mental abuse, sexual violence, neglect or neglect,
or commercial or other exploitation that results in real or prospective
impairment to a child's health, survival or development" as even according to
the World Health.
Child abuse is defined as injuring or neglecting another person's youngster,
whether an adult or a child. Child abuse happens across all cultural, ethnic,
and socioeconomic groups. Child abuse can be physical, emotional, verbal,
sexual, or neglectful. Child abuse can result in serious damage or even death.
Rape, sexual abuse, and sexual harassment are all global issues of sexual
In India, relatively little study has been conducted in this sector, and just a
few books have been published, further obscuring the issue. However, the problem
persists with amazing frequency, and the distinctive character of Indians adds
complication to an already difficult situation. Fortunately, child sexual abuse
is gradually becoming a more acknowledged problem, which is why this page
concentrates mainly on child sexual abuse: laws, victims, and offenders.
Finally, an examination of features of Indian culture that make this situation
particularly difficult to comprehend and address. Childhood should be a carefree
period, full of love and the delight of discovering new things and experiences.
However, this is the desire of many youngsters. Child abuse and neglect is a
major social issue of a children that he faces and these led to the problems
that are faced by a child and becomes a major issue for a child.
Child abuse and neglect have long-term implications for victims (of all human
actions), their families, and society. Child abuse is characterised as physical,
mental, or sexual abuse of children. It may happen in any organisation, school,
community, or even a children's family.
Child abuse includes emotional, physical, financial, and sexual exploitation of
children. It affects people under the age of 18 worldwide. However, the breadth,
scale, and trends of the problem remain unknown in India, as in many other
The drastic changes brought about by India's socioeconomic developments have
greatly contributed to children's increased vulnerability to varied and novel
types of violence. Despite enthusiastic planning, social programmes,
legislation, and administrative procedures, Most of India's children have died
in the previous six decades. Continue to battle and be perplexed. Parents in
most households ignore them. Caretakers mistreated and sexually molested by
Although the problem of mental, physical, and sexual abuse of children is
becoming more prevalent in India, it has yet to get the attention of
sociologists and psychiatrists in our nation. Neither the public nor the
government have acknowledged it as a major issue. Public indignation and
professional concern have yet to be transformed into constructive and realistic
action. Child abuse or maltreatment, according to the World Health Organization
(WHO)," is any kind of physical and/or mental abuse, sexual abuse, neglect or
neglect, or commercial or other exploitation that results in real or prospective
harm to a child. child's health, survival, growth, or dignity in terms of duty,
trust, or authority ."
When we talk about child abuse there are mainly four types they are as
- Physical Abuse
- Sexual Abuse
- Psychological Abuse/ Emotional Abuse
Physical abuse: An abuse which comes from physical aggression can be called
physical abuse. If the intention was not intended to injure the person can be
considered as physical abuse. An injury which is caused by beating, slapping,
kicking, burning etc can be considered as a physical abuse.
Thousands of children die due to physical abuse by their close ones. Some of the
physical abuse cases get reported and some of them are not. Sometimes physical
punishment will get converted into physical abuse. Due to physical abuse some
children's die and some of them survive with emotional and physical scars.
Signs Of Physical Abuse:
Child Sexual Abuse:
- Fear Of Adults
- Resistance To Go Home/School Etc
- Burn Marks, Cuts, Bite Marks Etc
Any act which includes a sexual act between adult and a child can be considered
as a sexual abuse.
Sexual Intercourse Include Rape, Oral Sex, Intercourse Another Example Include:
- Forcing Child To Undress
- Spying Child In Bathroom
- Exposing Children To Adult Sexuality
- Touching Or Kissing
Regardless of the child's behaviour it is the responsibility of the adults to
educate children and it is also the responsibility of the adults to not engage
in sexual act with children. Sexual abuse can never be child's fault.
Signs Of Sexual Abuse:
- Fear Of Particular Person
- Fear Of Some Family Member
- Avoidance Of Things Related To Sexuality
- Inappropriate Knowledge In Sexual Act
Any attitude, action, or behaviour that prevents a kid's social or mental growth
is considered emotional child abuse. When different forms of abuse are
discovered, emotional abuse is nearly always present as well. Surprisingly,
emotional abuse can worsen long-term psychiatric conditions than either physical
or sexual abuse.
Adults Or Other Children May Emotionally Abuse A Child:
- Bullies In The Workplace Or At School
- The Caretakers Or Parents
According to Child Welfare Information Gateway, physical and sexual abuse
combined cause more children to experience neglect. A very prevalent kind of
child abuse is child neglect. However, neglect is a form of child abuse that is
an act of omission, or failing to take action, hence victims are not frequently
Some Signs of Child Neglect:
- Evident Absence Of Supervision
- Inappropriate Clothing
- Extreme Hunger.
Law And Policies Of Protection Of Children
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) Act, 2005:
- Policy and legal framework:
In India the Government tries to ensure that all the citizens as well as
included the overall well-being of the children. To ensure that it's
included in Article 14, 15, 15(3), 19(1) (a), 21, 21(A). 23. National Policy
of children 2013, which aimed at safety and security of the children in all
forms of abuses.
- Administrative Responsibility:
The Indian Government also established Ministry of Women and Child
Development (MWCD) in order to secure the rights of children and women and
keep a check on it.
- Federal Laws:
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015- the main aim
of this act was to ensure that the children those who are involved in these
acts are properly treated under this act and also provide measures for the
development of the child.
This act provides and safeguards and keep a check of the rights of children as
well as women.
Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), 2012:
This act provides that the Child sexual abuse laws in India should be enacted as
part of the child protection policies of India
ARTICLES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION RELATING TO CHILDREN
The Indian Constitution recognises the vulnerable position of children and their
right to protection. The idea of protection of rights, which also includes
Article 15 assures special attention to children by needed and distinctive laws
and policies that safeguard their rights.
The rights regarding the right to equality, and the article regarding them
also include Article 14, 15, 15(3), 19(1) (a), 21, 21(A). 23 what includes
children as well:
Initiative/ Approach Towards Child Abuse:
- Article 14: The State shall not deny to any person equality before the
law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India
- Article 15: The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on
grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them
- Article 15 (3): Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from
making any special provision for women and children
- Article 19(1) (a): All citizens shall have the right (a) to freedom of
speech and expression
- Article 21: Protection of life and personal liberty-No person shall be
deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure
established by law.
- Article 21A: Free and compulsory education for all children of the age
of 6 to 14 years;
- Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour-(1)
Traffic in human beings and beggars and other similar forms of forced labour
are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence
punishable in accordance with law
- Individual's approach towards child abuse:
adults/parents in the house should talk to their child about child abuse. As
parents/guardians they have to take an initiative to teach their kid about
good touch bad touch and other abuses which children might face in the
society. It is also the responsibility of the educational institutions bring
sexual awareness among children. Now government of Indian has made sexual
- Media initiative:
Making the Child aware about the surroundings and things so, the he does not
get exploited in the future.
Can also play in the development of the child and also give the child the
basic needs which are required for him and help in his growth.
Child abuse and neglect may have severe and long-term impacts on the child, as
well as negative social consequences such as greater engagement in the juvenile
and criminal justice systems. However, Communities may take action to reduce and
even eliminate the repercussions of abuse.
Evidence-based services and supports can enhance protective factors that lessen
the impacts of abuse and give tools for families and communities to prevent
abuse from occurring. Child welfare agencies can assist with families and
children. Communities must take the lead in projects that build on their
strengths and address needs.
India's Legal Position on Child Abuse and Prevention Solutions to End Violence,
Exploitation, and Exploitation. Progress has been achieved in raising societal
awareness, changing laws, and encouraging the elimination of child violence,
abuse, and exploitation, but more needs to be done. ensuring that survivors and
their families get sensitive and prompt protection and services UNICEF works on
enforcing critical child protection legislation and encouraging policies that
safeguard children from violence, abuse, and exploitation.
Although child abuse is a big and complicated problem with numerous causes, we
should not take a deficit approach to its prevention. Although there is no good
evidence to guide our preventative efforts, there are several things' physicians
may take to avoid malpractice. At the absolute least, demonstrating greater care
for the parent or guardian, as well as our attempts to enhance the abilities of
those parents or guardians, can assist spare our most vulnerable patients from
the horror of abuse and neglect.
Overall, rape and sexual abuse of minors in India is a significant problem with
no clear cure. While the problem persists globally, India's culture, which
historically views women as inferior to males, makes it hard to discuss intimate
things such as, and a corrupt and poor judicial system when it comes to rape
exacerbates the situation.
However, appropriate sexual abuse education for children and adults, as well as
police training and tightening of legislation, might help to improve the issue.
- Term Effects of Child Abuse- https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1066480799072008
- https://www.constitutionofindia.net/constitution_of_india Article 15.
14, 15(3), 19(1) (a), 21, 21(A). 23