Charter Act 1833Introduction
The Government of India Act 1833 or the Charter Act 1833 was an act of the
British Parliament, later renamed the St Helena Act 1833. This extended the
charter granted to the East India Company for another 20 years. Reorganized the
British Indian government.
Features of the Charter Act of 1833
- The company's commercial activities ended. It became the administrative
body of British Indian property.
- Trade relations with China were also suspended.
- This act allowed British citizens to settle freely in India.
- This Act legalized British colonization.
- The company still possessed the Indian territories, but it was held 'in
trust for his majesty'.
Provision of the Charter Act 1833
India became a British colony
- Governor-General of Bengal, renamed Governor-General of India. This made
Sir William Bentinck the first Governor General of India.
- In this way, the administration of the country was unified under one
- Governors of Bombay and Madras lose legislative power.
- The governor-general had legislative power over all of British India.
- The Governor-General of the Council has the power to change, repeal or
amend laws affecting all persons and places within the British Indian
Territory, whether British, foreigners or Indians. Rice field.
- The civil and military affairs of the Company were administered by the
Governor-General of the Council.
- The Governor's Council needs him to have 4 members. A fourth member had
- For the first time, the Government of the Governor-General was called
the Government of India and the Council was called the Council of India
Indian Law Commission
Division of the President of Bengal
- This Act mandated that all laws enacted in India be submitted to the
British Parliament and called 'Acts'.
- The Indian Judiciary Commission was established by law.
- The first Judiciary Committee was chaired by Lord Macaulay.
The law provided for the division of the President of Bengal between the
Presidents of Agra and Fort William.
However, this never took effect.
Indians in Government Services
- This was the first law allowing Indians to participate in the
administration of the country.
- It stated that merit, not birth, colour, religion, or race, should be
the basis for the employment of civil servants.
Abolition of Slavery
- This ensured the decline of the slavery that existed in British India.
- The governor-general appointed by the Council was ordered to take some
action to end the slavery that lived in British India.
- The 5th Act of 1843 abolished slavery in India.
- As the number of British people living in the country increased, the law
allowed India to have three bishops.
- It also sought to regulate the establishment of Christian institutions
Significance of the Charter Act of 1833:
- This was the final stage in the centralization of Indian administration.
- The Charter Act of 1833 was implemented in response to several important
changes that occurred in England as a result of the Industrial Revolution.
- Laissez-faire was accepted as the government's attitude towards
- The liberal movement was the result of the Reform Act of 1832.
- During the Charter Act of 1833, the atmosphere around Britain called for
liberal thought and reform.
- By agreement with Lord Macaulay, control of the company continued on
- When the Whigs were in power, the bill was introduced to Congress, and
Congress was in a mood to support the codification of legislation and reform
of the retail trade.
- The Charter Act of 1833 was postponed on several recommendations of a
parliamentary inquiry. All milestones in the legal history of all regions of
India can be identified through this survey.
One can be persuaded to conclude that the main purpose of the Charter Act of
1833 was to completely abolish all trade and to allow Europeans to settle freely
in India. The Charter Act of 1833 was the most important law implemented by the
British government to expand the administration in India. It had an impact. With
the continuation of the Charter Act of 1833, the British Crown gradually took
control of the administration of India with the help of the East India Company.
Written By: Joyleen Meki
, A 2nd-year student of BA.LLB studying at Lovely
Professional University, Punjab.