Shaping Legal Progress: Functions of Law Commission of India
Functions of Law Commission of India in detail and concise
The Law Commission of India is an important institution entrusted with the
responsibility of legal research, review, and recommending reforms in the legal
system. Here are the functions of the Law Commission of India in detail &
Review and Examination of Existing Laws:
The primary function of the Law Commission is to review and examine the existing
laws in India. This involves a comprehensive analysis of legislation to identify
outdated laws, ambiguities, and areas requiring reform.
Recommendation of Reforms:
Based on its review, the Commission makes recommendations for legal reforms.
These recommendations aim to improve and modernize laws, ensuring they are in
line with contemporary needs, social dynamics, and international best practices.
Study and Research:
The Commission conducts in-depth studies and research on various legal issues.
This involves examining the practical implications of laws, identifying lacunae,
and proposing solutions to enhance the legal framework.
Initiation of Legal Reforms:
The Law Commission has the authority to propose the initiation of legal reforms.
This includes suggesting new legislation or amending existing laws to address
emerging legal challenges and societal changes.
The Commission serves as an advisory body to the government on legal matters. It
provides expert opinions and advice on legal issues referred to it by the
government or the judiciary.
Drafting of Legislation:
In certain cases, the Law Commission is tasked with the drafting of new
legislation. This involves formulating legal provisions, ensuring clarity and
coherence, and addressing any deficiencies in the existing legal framework.
Examination of Judicial Administration:
The Commission examines the state of judicial administration in the country. It
looks into the efficiency of the judiciary, delays in the legal process, and
other aspects that impact the administration of justice.
Promotion of Legal Education:
The Commission promotes legal education by suggesting improvements in the
curriculum and encouraging research and academic activities in the field of law.
Facilitation of Public Understanding:
It plays a role in facilitating public understanding of legal issues by
publishing reports, organizing seminars, and engaging in outreach activities to
raise legal awareness.
International Legal Perspectives:
The Commission considers international legal perspectives while formulating
recommendations, ensuring that Indian laws align with global standards and
The Law Commission monitors the implementation of its recommendations. This
involves tracking the progress made by the government and other relevant
authorities in adopting and incorporating suggested legal reforms into the
In addition to legal research, the Commission engages in socio-legal research,
examining the social implications of legal provisions and suggesting reforms
that align with the evolving needs of society.
Coordination with Stakeholders:
The Commission collaborates with various stakeholders, including legal experts,
academicians, practitioners, and the general public. This collaborative approach
ensures a well-rounded understanding of legal issues and diverse perspectives in
the reform process.
The Commission works on the codification of laws, which involves organizing and
consolidating laws on a particular subject. This process aims to bring clarity,
coherence, and accessibility to legal provisions.
Special Studies and Reports:
It undertakes special studies on specific legal issues or areas of concern.
These studies result in detailed reports that provide insights and
recommendations for addressing complex legal challenges.
Examination of Central and State Laws:
The Law Commission examines laws at both the central and state levels, ensuring
a comprehensive review of the entire legal framework in the country.
The Commission actively seeks feedback from the public, legal professionals, and
other stakeholders on its recommendations. This inclusive approach helps in
refining suggestions and considering a diverse range of opinions.
Addressing Legal Vacuums:
The Commission addresses legal vacuums or gaps in the law by proposing new
legislation or amendments to fill these voids, ensuring a robust and
comprehensive legal system.
The Commission submits periodic reports to the government, updating it on the
progress of its work, highlighting areas that require urgent attention, and
providing recommendations for legal reforms.
Promotion of Uniformity in Legislation:
It works towards promoting uniformity in legislation across different states,
aiming for consistency in legal provisions and reducing disparities in legal
Public Interest Litigation (PIL):
The Law Commission often addresses issues related to Public Interest Litigation,
examining its impact on the legal system and suggesting measures to ensure that
PIL remains a potent tool for justice while preventing misuse.
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR):
Considering the growing significance of ADR mechanisms, the Commission may focus
on recommending measures to promote and strengthen alternative dispute
resolution methods such as mediation and arbitration.
Technology and Legal Reforms:
With the increasing role of technology in the legal domain, the Law Commission
may explore the intersection of technology and law. This could involve
recommendations on digital evidence, cyber laws, and the use of technology in
Human Rights and Legal Protections:
The Commission may address issues related to human rights, suggesting legal
safeguards and protections to uphold individual rights and liberties within the
framework of Indian law.
Environmental Laws and Sustainability:
Examining the legal framework concerning environmental protection, the Law
Commission may propose reforms to enhance India's legal response to
environmental challenges and promote sustainable development.
Criminal Justice Reforms:
The Commission may focus on criminal justice reforms, examining aspects such as
police reforms, procedural enhancements, and measures to ensure a fair and
efficient criminal justice system.
While respecting the foundational principles of the Constitution, the Law
Commission may study and recommend reforms to enhance constitutional governance,
addressing evolving challenges and ensuring the relevance of constitutional
Legal Education and Professional Standards:
The Commission may delve into issues related to legal education, suggesting
reforms to legal curricula, accreditation standards for law schools, and
measures to maintain high professional standards among legal practitioners.
Gender Justice and Equality:
Addressing issues related to gender justice, the Law Commission may recommend
legal reforms to promote gender equality, protect against gender-based violence,
and address discrimination within the legal system.
Global Legal Perspectives:
Considering India's role in the global legal arena, the Law Commission may
explore international legal perspectives, contributing to the harmonization of
laws and adherence to international treaties and conventions.
The Law Commission of India, established in 1955, serves as a crucial
institution responsible for the thorough review, examination, and reform of the
legal framework in the country. Its multifaceted functions encompass the
comprehensive analysis of existing laws, the recommendation of legal reforms to
align with contemporary needs, and the initiation of legislative changes.
The Commission engages in extensive legal and socio-legal research,
collaborating with diverse stakeholders to address issues such as the efficiency
of judicial administration, the promotion of legal education, and the
codification of laws. It actively monitors the implementation of its
recommendations, addresses legal vacuums, and contributes to global legal
By undertaking special studies, submitting periodic reports, and focusing on
areas like technology, human rights, and environmental laws, the Law Commission
plays a pivotal role in shaping a just and responsive legal system in India.
Written By: Robinsh K Singh, Advocate
Law Article in India
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