Status of Foreign Universities Under New Education Policy 2020
With the onset of 2020, the Indian Government has sought to replace the 34
years old National Policy on Education which had been implemented in 1986 with
the New Education Policy with the vision to broaden the scope and horizon of
education within the country. The union cabinet gave its due approval for this
New Education Policy which has sought to make ground-breaking changes and
reforms within the higher education sector in India which even included the
methodology for teaching which has been used.
A few of the primary changes brought about by this New Education Policy are
Single regulation for higher education institutions. Several entries and exit
options in all the degree courses. The discontinuation of the M.Phil programs.
Lesser stakes on board exams. Institution of common entrance exams for the
universities. Further the education industry in India is governed under the UGC
(The University Grants Commission), AICTE (All India Council for Technical
Education), and the NCTE (The National Council for Teacher Education).
Which have been defined below:
The University Grants Commission is responsible for the coordination,
determination, and maintenance of standards for university education. It also
provides recognition to universities in India and is responsible for disbursing
funds to such recognized universities and colleges.
AICTE: The AICTE is the statutory authority for planning, formulation,
and maintenance of all the norms and standards, the quality assurance through
school accreditation, all fundings in priority areas, the monitoring and
evaluation, the maintenance of parity for certification and awards, and also for
ensuring well-integrated development and management of all forms of technical
education in the country.
NCTE: The National Council for Teacher Education(NCTE) is a statutory
body under the Indian government established under the National Council for
Teacher Education Act, 1993 to formally oversee the standards, procedures, and
processes within the Indian education system.
A few of the key features of this policy are:
The age of schooling is now 3 Years
The NEP has expanded the age groups of 6-14 years of mandatory education to 3-18
years of mandatory education now. It has established three years of
pre-schooling from the ages of 3 till 6 under the new curriculum. Further, the
new system shall now have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi or
There exists a large amount of emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education
(ECCE) and the 10+2 structure of school curriculum is now to be replaced by a
5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18
years respectively, making it more viable for foreign students as well.
Use of the mother tongue as the medium of instruction
The NEP also lays much-needed emphasis on the students� mother tongue as the
medium of instruction even as it sticks to the �three language formula� while
also mandating that no language would be imposed on anyone, whatsoever. The NEP
only recommends the mother tongue as a medium of instruction without making it
This feature comes from the premise that children, in most cases, learn and
grasp non-trivial concepts more quickly in their home language than in any other
NO UGC, AICTE, NCTE
The Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) shall now be established as a
single umbrella body for the entire higher education system in India, excluding
medical and legal education. The public and private higher education
institutions shall now be governed by the same set of norms for the regulation,
accreditation, and academic standards as well.
The Government has planned to phase out the affiliation of colleges in 15 years
along with a stage-wise mechanism for granting graded autonomy to colleges and
Science, arts, and commerce to get amalgamated
Under the NEP 2020, there exists no specific and rigid separation between the
subjects taught within the arts, science, and the commerce courses as such.
Further, there will also not be a drastic separation between curricular and
extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams, etc. The
students are now free to select subjects of their liking across the streams as
well and the vocational education will start in schools from the 6th grade while
also including internships for making practical education also available.
The FYUP Programme Returns & No More Dropouts
Under the NEP, all undergraduate degrees will either be for a duration of 3 or 4
years in total along with multiple options for exits as well. The colleges will
be mandated to provide a certificate after completing 1 year in a discipline or
field including vocational and professional areas, a diploma after 2 years of
study, or a Bachelor's degree after a 3-year program as well.
The Government is also set to establish an Academic Bank of Credit for digitally
storing all academic credits earned from the different HEIs so that these can be
further transferred and counted towards as the final degree.
Further, the NEP, 2020 aims at attracting a diverse pool of foreign nationals
into the country who aim to seek high-quality higher education. The process of
course streamlining and the technology now available has made it more attractive
for foreign institutes to want to invest in programs held under Indian
The benefits accrued to such foreign universities can be summarised below:
Process of making India more self-reliant and attractive to foreign students
The NEP looks forward to enacting all programs which boost the process of India
to become more self-reliant in every sector which has to begin with the most
important sector for such a development which is the education sector. The NEP
gives primary importance to the development of newer and more practical skills
which are enumerated within sections 3, 4, and 7 of school education along with
article 10.8 of this NEP policy which only makes it more attractive for students
abroad to want to seek the benefits of such higher quality education.
The aim is to induce the practicality of skill development from the early stages
of school to empower every child in one vocational skill or the other to secure
his or her future in every possible way. Further, the NEP also aims to increase
the Gross Enrolment Ratio within the higher education sector by making sure that
vocational education makes a leap from a mere 26.3% in 2018 to a minimum of 50%
by the year 20135. For this purpose, a National Committee for the integration of
Vocational Education (NCIVE) will also be established.
Education as an economy booster through foreign investment
The NEP, in section 17, focuses hard on the promotion of cultural heritage and
the increase of GER in Higher Education to inspire the youth to pursue this more
avidly. The goal is again to create a much larger pool of challenge and to
ensure that no resource goes to waste as far as skill development and progress
is concerned. This in turn will lead to the boost in the national economy very
directly through the implementation of technological avenues and digital
solutions for faster problem-solving ability.
Furthermore, such a diverse system for the provision of education is more likely
to make India the ideal hub for foreign students to resort to when it comes to
finishing their higher education. This policy enables many more flexibilities
which were not permitted earlier and are similar to those followed under various
European and American educational institutes.
The NEP enables the promotion of the socio-economic development of the economy
this way since any revamping of the education sector leads to a better societal
structure with higher thinking groups of individuals. The stress again remains
on entrepreneurship since it is evident that newer business is the only way to
catapult the much-needed corporate sector and encourage new talent.
The Internationalization of Higher Education
One of the most talked-about features of the NEP is its vision to attract
foreign nationals into the country for seeking education. This
internationalization of higher education is sought to establish India as the
forerunner amongst the knowledge hubs of the world. The policy gives more
opportunities for research collaborations along with several international
student exchange programs through organized efforts and teamwork with the
Further, there will be an exchange of credits which shall be allowed between the
foreign universities and the home universities while awarding any diploma or
degree according to the rules given under this policy. This, in turn, is also
set to increase international business opportunities not just within the
education sector but in every other sector since an amalgamation and commonality
in education gives opportunities to a large number of opportunities for both the
Indian as well as the foreign students.
A digitalized pedagogy and classrooms to meet foreign university standards
This current crisis of the Covid-19 pandemic along with the need to digitize
India completely is one of the primary motives behind the creation of digital
libraries, digital content, digital pedagogy as well as the digitization within
classrooms, the online teachings, and the learning of new languages. There are
specified sections within the NEP that provide in detail all the guidelines for
such digitization of the infrastructure and the boost of digital content. This
makes the policy more favourable towards attracting foreign attention and the
interest of students from other nations in wanting to invest in India for higher
A layered Accreditation system to meet the needs of students from abroad
There now exists a layered accreditation system for all on-campus and any online
distance learning, infrastructure for high-quality degree granted by institutes
and universities, autonomy to the faculty and institutes which has all been
enumerated under this NEP for the New India. This layered Accreditation system
shall differentiate between a degree-granting stand-alone college and a
wholesome University as well. This is akin to most of the education providers
from noteworthy foreign institutions as well.
Further, the affiliation system has been decided to be stopped and the teaching
and research are the two main aspects within all institutes. Such an
Accreditation should be able to set standards in the quality of infrastructure,
faculty, technology, GER, and the research facilities overall.
The equipment of teachers with better technology
The NEP has sought to introduce several training manuals for teachers, to enable
them to become more technologically sound to teach via newer and faster means.
There has also been a bid for a greater pay scale for teachers to attract the
best possible educators for the country�s youth. The other primary development
is the introduction of courses in education through B.Ed and mandatory certified
education in teaching pedagogy during the Ph.D enrolment for aspiring
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