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The Law related to Cyber Crimes in India

The cyber crime is different from any other crime happening in the society. The cyber crime define to criminal activity in which computers or computer networks are a tool a target or a place of criminal activity and include everything from electronic wracking to denial of services attacks. It's a general term that covers crimes like phishing, credit card frauds, bank robbery, illegal downloading, child pornography, kidnapping children via chat rooms, scams, cyber terrorism, and distribution of viruses etc.

Cyber Offences under penal code 1860:

The major substantive criminal law is the Indian Penal Code a complete code which deals with all the offences including cyber crimes. Therefore, this conventional criminal law is sufficient to deal with all kinds of crimes including cyber crimes. India enacted the information Technology Act, 2000 basically to regulate e- commerce.

Acts Offences Under IPC Provision Of IPC
1 Sending threatening message Criminal Intimidation Section 503
2 Sending defamatory message Defamation Section 499
3 Bogus websites, cyber frauds Cheating Section 420
4 Spoofing/Forged e-records Forgery Section 463
5 Web-jacking Extortion Section 383
6 Pornography Obscenity Section 292
7 On-line harassment Stalking Section 354-D

Describes the Article:
  • The crime done with the help of a computer network is termed as cyber crime
  • Cyber crime can harm your privacy and security
  • Cyber crime is an illegal act that tends to hack your private data
  • Cybercriminals try to gain money through illegal methods

Types Of Cyber Crimes:

  1. Hacking
  2. Cracking
  3. Cyber-Stalking
  4. E-mail Spoofing
  5. SMS Spoofing
  6. Cheating & fraud
  7. Child Pornography
  8. Transmitting Virus etc.

Preventing Of Cyber, Crimes:

  • Never share personal information publicly on websites.
  • Always avoid sending any photograph online particularly to stranger and chat friends because it's a misuse of the photographs.
  • Never enter credit card number to any side that is not secured to prevents its misuse

Literature Analysis:
India is the second largest online market in the world with over 560 million internet users. Ranked only behind China and it is estimated that by 2023 there would be over 650 million internet users in the country. According to the latest national crime records bureau NCRB data, a total of 27,248 cases of cyber crime where registered in India in 2018.

Only in Telangana, 1205 cyber, crime cases where registered in the same year. According to FBIs report, India stands third among top 20 cyber crime victim. The national cyber crime reporting portal (cyber which was started last year by the central government received 33,152 complaints till now resulting in lodging of 790 FIRs.

Number Of Cyber Crimes

2018 27,248
2017 21,796
2016 12,317
2015 11,592
2014 9,622
2013 5,693
2012 3,377

Critical Review:
  • Crime is a common word that we always heard in this globalization era. Over the past two decades cyber crimes has become an increasingly widely debated topic across many walks of life.
  • The Crime is term which gives a scenario and impression of illegal activity and when it is merged with Computer or Cyber creates more widen and cross countries global issues.
  • Cryptography is one of the best way to provide security over the network.
  • This paper presents the types Cyber crime Activities important issues on the Security, prevention and Detection of Cyber crime.

The internet has been defined as the media of the people but it is slowly turning into a dark net with increasing incidences of cyber stalking cyber terrorism child pornography sites and online slander through social media sites. Cyber crimes is defined as illegal conduct in which a computer is a utilized as a tool a target or both. Cyber crime is a rapidly developing field of crime these days and it is increasing at a rapid date. Basically cyber crime is on the rise because it is regarded to be that easiest method to commit a crime to another crime.

Discussion Facts:
  • According to the latest national crime records bureau NCRB data, a total of 27,248 cases of cyber crime where registered in India in 2018.
  • Only in Telangana, 1205 cyber, crime cases where registered in the 2018.
  • Last year by the central government received 33,152 complaints till now resulting in lodging of 790 FIRs.
We are living in a digital age and cyberspace is not limited to one's boundaries rather it covers an entire world. As a result cyber crime is increasing day by day in all the countries including India. Therefore, cyber, crime should be given as much importance as other crime happening in our society be it theft, rape, murder etc.

  1. Rachit Garg (2022) Cyber Crime laws in India from
  2. Nidhi Narnolia (2022 Cyber Crime:
  3. Pallavi kapila (2020) Cyber Crimes and Cyber laws in India from
  4. Aqa Raza (2016) Laws Relating to Cyber Crimes: Theories and Legal Aspects from
  5. Jitendra Malik (2019) Privacy and Surveillance: The Law Relating to Cyber Crimes India from

Written By: Abhishek Katiyar, Vivekananda Global University Jaipur, Rajasthan

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