How politics and policing link together is straightforward and meaningful.
For example, politicians set the rule book for the police and decide what
priorities and resources they should have. What politicians decide affects how
the police interact with the community, and how much they focus on diversity and
This also affects how they work to keep us safe. Rules made by politicians
outline what the police can and can't do and holds them responsible for their
actions. Politics also shape the process of finding, training, and assigning
police officers, which affects how they interact with people from different
backgrounds. A good relationship between politics and policing is important for
building trust with the public, following the law, and addressing issues in
society while respecting people's freedoms and rights.
Legal Framework and Legislation:
Polity provides the basis for policing by creating statutes that determine the
authority, scope, and limits of criminal justice departments. The political
decisions determine the legal context which defines the extent to which the
police can exercise their authority as well as safeguarding individual liberty.
Law enforcement policies are guided by political priorities that shape crime
prevention strategies, community policing approaches, and investment plans. The
political authority determines the line of policing that affects the general
direction in which all police activities are channelled.
The amount a state will spend on its police department is based on matters of
polity; as such, a state's ability to fund its police, provide necessary
training, and afford relevant equipment also depends on matters of polity. Law
enforcement agencies cannot operate properly where the political decision on
resource allocation influences them in one way or another.
Accountability and Oversight:
Political framework sets up instruments of responsibility like civic control
committees as much as to make sure that everything is openly and cleanly dealt
with. The polity is important in checking and balancing against possible uses
and misuse by police officers.
Community Policing and Public Relations:
The nature of polity determines whether the emphasis is on community-based
policing or not; promotes cooperation among police and members of society. Such
strategies as engaging the public in political matters and being responsive in
addressing public concerns can be encouraged by political authorities.
Political Pressure and Independence:
Political interference can be a hindrance to the effective functioning of the
police force. Decisions, investigations, and even the resource allocations might
be affected by political interventions leading aslant the independence of the
Crisis Response and Emergency Powers:
During emergencies, for instance, some political heads could give special police
duties. These powers are limited by polity, which sets up mechanisms to protect
against abuse of power in times of emergency.
International Relations and Policing:
The polity affects on international cooperation in policing and attempts into
addressing transnational crime and world security issues. Collaborative
endeavours which involve cross-border political decisions like sharing of
information and joint operations are made possible by such political decisions.
Legitimacy and Public Perception:
The role of polity in determining legitimacy in a society towards law
enforcement is also significant. Trust can be either enhanced or diminished
through political decisions and acts which influence citizens' cooperativeness
and support in policing.
Policy Evolution and Adaptation:
The polity is highly dynamic and thus, leads to the constantly changing policing
laws. The political reaction to societal changes, advances in technology and
emerging challenges determines adaptability of modern policing to current
Impact on Police Recruitment:
How governments impact police recruitment is deep-rooted, defining their focus,
plans, and the amount of money they can use. The choices made by politicians
help to decide the need for certain skills and traits. For example, being able
to connect with the community, bring diversity to the police force, and follow
new rules in law enforcement.
The budgets, set by politicians, directly change how recruitment drives,
training, and bonuses that draw in candidates are managed. People's opinion on
politics impacts their faith in the cops. This might either draw them towards a
police job or push them away from it.
Laws and regulatory systems set by politicians create the eligibility and
background checks, forming the selection process for new recruits. In short, the
tie between politics and police recruitment is crystal clear. It influences the
structure and ability of the police.
Impact on Assignment of Duties:
The allocation of law enforcement personnel is profoundly affected by the
polity's impact, as political decisions play a vital role in strategically
distributing them. These decisions, which reflect the government's priorities
and concerns, determine officers' allocation to specific areas or tasks. They
are based on factors such as crime rates, public safety needs, and political
Thanks to this decision-making process, police resources can be concentrated in
regions with higher security risks to accomplish broader policy objectives,
significantly affecting the efficiency and responsiveness of law enforcement in
diverse communities. Moreover, political dynamics may also impact police
leadership's appointment, which can have an effect on policing strategies and
their direction in different jurisdictions.
Impact on Treatment of Black and Minorities:
The role politics plays in how police treat black and minority groups is deep.
How politics decide on rules sets the larger scene where police work. Political
leaders' plans affect how much focus goes on community policing, training for
diversity, and carrying out anti-discrimination steps in police departments.
Political goals can either address issues in the system to encourage fair and
equal treatment, or they can add to a setting where unfairness and
discrimination carry on.
Systems to keep a check on things, set by the political system, are crucial in
making sure that the police are answerable for their actions, especially when
dealing with minority groups. How willing politicians are to tackle issues of
racial bias and inequality directly impacts the police culture and how much
changes are put in place to ensure that the police treat black and minority
individuals justly and with respect.
Persecution of Opposition:
When politics influences the police, it can cause problems for political parties
who oppose the ruling party. Decisions made by the governing group can decide
the laws, rules, and important points that affect how the police deal with these
opposing parties. Sometimes, the government might use the police to quiet
protests, limit public gatherings, or conduct investigations for political
This use of law and inconsistent enforcement can be exploited to scare,
threaten, or illegally charge members of opposing parties. This can damage the
value of a just and unbiased legal system. It becomes important for the police
to remain independent in these situations. They should uphold the law and stick
steadfastly to principles of democracy. This is monumental in guaranteeing a
fair and unbiased political landscape.
Impact on Corruption:
Politics can hugely shape how the police deal with corruption. Legal rules,
systems of checking power, and policies against corruption all come from
political decisions that affect police departments. When politics is strong and
fair, it can set solid rules to stop corruption. This helps to keep police
accountable and encourage openness.
On the downside, if politics is weak or flawed, it may lead to a situation where
corruption takes hold. This harms trust from the community and makes the police
less effective. Right at the heart of this, are the political leaders. Their
willingness to fight corruption, make changes, and back up independent checking
powers is vital. It's what determines how well the police can deal with
corruption among its officers.
Impact on Casteism and Communalism:
Government plays a big role in how the police handle problems like unfair
treatment based on caste or community. Decisions from the top can change how the
law works in these social issues. For example, active leaders can promote fair
policies, put strong measures against discrimination in place, and help local
police build trust and unity in divided communities. They can also prevent
issues based around caste and community.
On the other hand, if the leaders aren't keen or are using divisive language, it
can feed into these social divisions. This can affect police practices, making
these problems worse or better. Government can gear education, awareness, and
dialogue between communities. This helps law enforcement manage problems of
caste and community better. It helps build a fairer and more peaceful society.
Impact on Majoritarian Rule:
Polity greatly affects the police's role in forming a majoritarian rule. This is
due to the influence of politics in shaping the rules and structures that guide
law enforcement. When the polity favours a majoritarian rule, there's a
possibility of using the police in biased ways. This misuse can silence opposing
voices, and sideline minority groups. Certain communities might become targets
due to the political leaders' sway over law enforcement. There may be picks and
chooses when enforcing laws, or some citizens' rights might be scaled down.
This action strengthens the majority's power. When law enforcement aligns with
the majority's political views, it can harm key principles of democracy,
individual rights, and law. Then, the integrity and independence of the police
step in to safeguard these principles. The strength of the police is in straying
away from undue political pressure, and sticking to the ideals of fairness and
equality for all citizens.
Simply put, a country's political system profoundly influences its police work.
Rules, laws, and guidelines formed by the government dictate how police
function. Government funding for the police, law enforcement focus, and general
strategy also stem from these political systems. This shapes officer
recruitment, training, and even job assignments, affecting crime prevention and
solving resources. Moreover, if a government values openness, accountability,
and citizens' rights, it will interact with the police differently. Hence, good
policing is tied to the choices and steps a country's political system takes.
Written By: Md.Imran Wahab
, IPS, IGP, Provisioning, West Bengal
Email: [email protected]
, Ph no: 9836576565