lawyers in India

The Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995

Torts Law
Legal Service
  • The Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995
    This Act consists of Rules and Regulations regards to Cable Television Networks in the country further still it also mentions the procedural laws and punishment of the offences related to Cable Television Networks in the country.

    A Brief Explanation of The Act

    Who is a Cable Operator?

    Ans. A Cable Operator is a person who operates the cable television network and provides the services of cable television to the viewers of that particular area, also controls the management of the cable services.

    Meaning of The Word - Cable Television Network 

    Ans. It is a network of cable systems which transmits the cable facility to many televisions through a single system which consists of an equipment capable of permission of that service to the subscribers.

    Who are "Subscribers"?
    Ans. Subscribers are the group of persons who receives the services of the cable television network by the way of transmission.


    Conditions to become a Cable Operator

    Ans. A person who wants to operate a Cable Television Network, should register himself according to the provisions of this Act. For this registration there must be an application for that in a prescribed form.

    Procedure for registration
    Ans. If a person wants to register as a cable operator firstly he has to apply to the authorised registration authority by an application according to the Act and the application must be accompanied by a fee as prescribed. After the satisfaction of the registering authority registers that person and grant him a certificate of registration.

    Essential functions of cable operators
    Ans. The cable operator transmits the programmes that are prescribed in the Programme Code and also the same condition is applicable to the advertisements. Cable operator should also maintain a register where the list of programmes are written which are transmitted or re-transmitted by the Cable operator for every month till a year. Every cable operator has a duty to transmit any two Doordarshan Channels to the viewer through the process of re-transmission through their equipment and also cable operator should take care that the transmission of the cable network does not interfere the functioning of the authorised telecommunication systems.

    Equipment Seizure
    Who has the power to seize equipment used for cable services operation?
    Ans. Any officer ; Group A Officer and above, of the Central Govt. duly authorized by the Govt. for doing so, has a power to seize the equipment of a cable operator if it has not been registered in accordance with the provisions of this Act. Provided that no such seized equipment is to be retained by any officer more than 10 days unless the approval of the District Judge in this regard.

    When confiscation takes place?
    Ans. Any equipment seized by any Officer duly authorized to do so; is liable for confiscation unless the cable operator to which that equipment belongs, register himself as a cable operator under the provisions of the Act within the period of 30 days from the date of seizure of that equipment; but an opportunity to represent in writing should be given to the cable operator by the method of notice in writing about the confiscation of this equipment within a reasonable time. Provided that when no such notice in writing is given to the cable operator within 10 days from the date of seizure of that equipment then such equipment shall be returned after the expiry of that period to him. i.e. the Cable operator whom the equipment belongs.

    procedure of appeal?
    Ans. If any cable operator got dissatisfied by any decision of the court who is adjudicating a confiscation of his equipment may go for an appeal to the court to which an appeal lies from the decision of such court.
    The Appellate Court gives an opportunity to the cable operator of being heard pass such orders as it thinks fit as the case may be, after taking additional evidence if necessary and no further appeal against this appeal according to this Act.

    Offences and their Punishments
    punishments for the contravention of the provisions of this Act
    Ans. If any body contravenes any provisions of this Act for the first offence, shall be punishable with the imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to Rs.1000 or with both, according to this Act, and, if any body does it for the second offence then, he is punishable with the punishment of imprisonment for a term which may extend to 5 years and with fine which may extend to Rs.5000 according to this Act.

    procedure of cognizance offences
    Ans. Court shall take cognizance of any offence in the contravention of any provision of the Act. Only when an authorized Officer not below the rank of Grade A Officer of Central Govt. as the State Govt. may, by notification in the Official Gazette may otherwise lodge a complain in writing.

    Related Articles
    Divorce: Divorce is not about filling out forms, it is about thinking things out and making sound decisions. Likewise, if your case calls for a marital settlement agreement, having it typed and signed is not the point.

    Adultery laws in India: Either party to the marriage may present a petition for divorce under cl. (i) of sub-sec. (1) of s. 13, on the ground of adultery of the respondent. The expression 'living in adultery' used in old s. 13(I)(i) meant a continuous course of adulterous life

    Divorce in India: Any Any marriage which is solemnized, whether before or after the commencement of the Hindu marriage Act, may be Dissolved by a decree of divorce, by either the Husband or the wife presenting the petition

    Effects of Divorce: Supreme Court in exercising the power under Art. 142 of the Constitution of India has held that where the marriage is dead and there is no chance of its being retrieved, it is better to bring it to an end

    Grounds for Divorce:  Adultery, Cruelty, Desertion, Conversion, Unsoundness of mind, Schizophrenia, Virulent and incurable leprosy, Entering new religious order, Presumption of death, Non-compliance with a decree of judicial separation, Non-compliance with a decree of restitution of conjugal rights

    Right to Abortion: An abortion is the removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus, resulting in, or caused by, its death.

    Family Courts in India: The Family Courts Act, 1984 was part of the trends of legal reforms concerning women. Because of the building pressure from various institutions lobbying for the welfare of women all over the country

    Rights of Second Wife: Second marriage, during the subsistence of the first marriage, is illegal in India and the relationship arising from the same does not have any validity.

    Divorce under Muslim Law: There are two categories of divorce under the Muslim law: 1) Extra judicial divorce, and  2) Judicial divorce

    Grounds for Divorce for wife: Husband having more than one wife living, Rape, sodomy or bestiality, Decree or order of maintenance, Marriage before attainment of the age of fifteen years and Consent obtained by force,

    Restitution Of Conjugal Rights: Section 9 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 embodies the concept of Restitution of Conjugal Rights under which after solemnization of marriage if one of the spouses abandons the other, the aggrieved party has a legal right to file a petition in the matrimonial court for restitution of conjugal rights.

    Recognition of Equality Marriage: Marriage is an eternal bond, the essence of family. In most parts of the world, the idea of marriage is confined strictly to union of two biologically different sexes, one man and one woman, the basic formula for propagating the species.

    Irretrievable breakdown of marriage: It cannot be said in case a marriage is found to have been broken down to an extent that it was beyond all rapprochement or reconciliation, then whether any ground as laid down by law exists

    Right of Abortion v. Child in Mother's Womb: Abortion means deliberate ending of a pregnancy at an early stage. Abortion is the subject of strong public debate, especially in the US. Some people are in favour of abortion; called pro-choice supporters,

    Custody - Hindu, Muslim, Christian & Parsi Law’s: Child custody is a term used in family law courts to define legal guardianship of a child under the age of 18. During divorce or marriage annulment proceedings, the issue of child custody often becomes a matter for the court to determine

    Guardianship - Hindu, Muslim, Christian & Parsi Laws: The Dharmashastras did not deal with the law of guardianship. During the British regime the law of guardianship was developed by the courts.

    Adoption - Hindu, Muslim, Christian And Parsi Laws: Hindu Law, Muslim Law and the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 are three distinct legal systems which are prevalent. A guardian may be a natural guardian, testamentary guardian or a guardian appointed by the court.

    Divorce by Mutual Consent in Delhi/NCR

    Mutual DivorceRight Away Call us at Ph no: 9650499965

    File Your Copyright - Right Now!

    Copyright Registration
    Online Copyright Registration in India
    Call us at: 9891244487 / or email at: [email protected]