Legal Service India - Exporter'S Interest Protection & Multi Modal Transportation of Goods Act, 1993
law  in India

Exporter's Interest Protection & Multi Modal Transportation of Goods Act, 1993

Written by: Satya Prakash
click here for LIVE help-desk
Chat with us  (2 PM - 9 PM IST)
Legal Advice | Find a lawyer | Constitutional law | Judgments | forms | PIL | family law | Cyber Law | Law Forum | Income-Tax | Consumer laws | Company laws
Search On:laws in IndiaLawyers Search

Copyright Online in India
Right from your Desktop

Home \ Company Law

Latest Articles | Articles 2013 | Articles 2012 | Articles 2011 | Articles 2010 | Articles 2009 | Articles 2008 | Articles 2007 | Articles 2006 | Articles 2000-05

The United Nations multimodal transport convention was drafted as a result of development of maritime legislations and subsidiary regulation of about 50 years. The ratification required a fairly high no. of country, there fore it could not find favour from developed countries hence ceased to be operative.

The government of India ratified the Hague Visby rules 1968 which necessitated the enactment of a favorable legislation. On the basis of the U.N convention of 1980 the multi modal transportation of goods act 1993 was enacted. This law was made effective from 16th October 1992.

There are several provisions in the act which protects the rights and interest of exporters. It defined both a carrier and multi modal transport operator's that they cannot be get confused by the exporters. Registrations of M.T.O. are also made compulsory and hence provide certain condition for being a multi modal transport operator. Freedom to make multimodal transport document either negotiable or non negotiable are also given to exporters. On the other hand it also overcomes the short comings of Hague Visby rules by including animals container and pallets of transport in the definition of goods. The basis of liability has been changed to presumed fault or neglect in the same way as in Hamburg's rule. All the exceptions like fire perils act of god etc under which the ship or carrier could exonerate have been done away.

M.T.O is liable not only for delay but also for any consequential loss or damage arising out from such delay. The exporters can claim for the loss of goods if goods are not received within 90 days from the date of stipulated period of delivery.

Limits of liability in case of loss or damage as 666.67 SDR per package or unit or 2 SDR per kg of weight. Limits of liability in case of loss to consignment by air kept as 8.33SDR per kg in accordance with Warsaw convention. Notice period for such loss or damage to the consignment kept as 6 consecutive days. The short notice period can't be stated in the interest of exporters.

Further more the consigner or a person entitled to receive the goods on his behalf can bring action against MTO within nine months of the stipulated time period.
Multimodal Transport Of Goods act,1993 tries to promote export trade by facilitating the transport regulations, documentation and system, but the best result can be achieved when the exporters become aware of there rights and participate actively in protection of their interests. Any loss to exporters is national loss and all efforts should be made to stream line the system, weed out the problems and suggests necessary amendments if any.

The author can be reached at: / Print This Article

lawyers More Articles:
Restraint of trade & post employment covenants
Jurisdiction in International Letter of Credits
Industrial Disputes
What Is Globalization


Lawyers Search

Find a lawyer
Know your legal options
Information about your legal issues

File Mutual Consent Divorce

Right Away
Call us at Ph no: 9650499965
Copyright Registration Services Right from your Desktop...
*Call us at Ph no: 9891244487

Legal Advice

Get legal advice from Highly qualified lawyers within 48hrs.
with complete solution.

    Your Name               Your E-mail

Legal Service India

lawyers in Delhi
lawyers in Chandigarh
lawyers in Allahabad
lawyers in Lucknow
lawyers in Jodhpur
lawyers in Jaipur
lawyers in New Delhi
lawyers in Nashik
Contract laws
Protect your website
lawyers in Mumbai
lawyers in Pune
lawyers in Nagpur
lawyers in Ahmedabad
lawyers in Surat
Faridabad lawyers
Noida lawyers
Trademark Registration in India
Woman issues
Famous Trials
lawyers in Kolkata
lawyers in Janjgir
lawyers in Rajkot
lawyers in Indore
Gurgaon lawyers
Ghaziabad lawyers
Protect your website
Law Colleges
Legal Profession
Transfer of Petition
Lawyers in India - Search by City legal Service India
lawyers in Chennai
lawyers in Bangalore
lawyers in Hyderabad
lawyers in Cochin
Famous Trials
lawyers in Agra
Famous Trials
Cause Lists
Immigration Law
lawyers in Dhaka
lawyers in Dubai
lawyers in London
lawyers in New York
lawyers in Toronto
lawyers in Sydney
Cheque bounce laws
Lok Adalat, legal Aid and PIL

About Us | Privacy | Terms of use | Juvenile Laws | Divorce by mutual consent | Lawyers | Submit article | Lawyers Registration | Sitemap | Contact Us

legal Service is Copyrighted under the Registrar of Copyright Act ( Govt of India) 2000-2015
ISBN No: 978-81-928510-0-6