Listed below are 21 High Courts and their Benches in India. It provides a
single point access to information related to all the High Court in India.
This section provides information on High Courts providing Litigant
centric dynamic information like Judgments, Causelists, Case-status, etc.
as well as static Information such as History, Jurisdiction, Rules, Past
and present judges, etc.
High Courts in India
Delhi High Court was established on 31st October, 1966. Initially, the
High Court of Judicature at Lahore, which was established by a Letters
Patent dated 21st March, 1919, exercised jurisdiction over the then
provinces of the Punjab and Delhi.
Bombay High Court was inaugurated on 14 August 1862. Although the name of
the city was changed from Bombay to Mumbai in 1995, the Court as an
institution did not follow suit and remained as the Bombay High Court. The
High Court of Bombay, which is the chartered High Court and one of the
oldest High Courts in the Country. It has Appellate Jurisdiction over the
State of Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli. In
addition to the Principal Seat at Bombay, it has benches at Aurangabad,
Nagpur, Panaji (Goa)....
Calcutta High Court, formerly known as the High Court of Judicature at
Fort William, was brought into existence by the Letters Patent dated 14th
May, 1862, issued under the High Court's Act, 1861, which provided that
the jurisdiction and powers of the High Court were to be defined by
High Court of Madras, one of the three High Courts in India established at
the Presidency Towns by Letters Patent granted by Her Majesty Queen
Victoria, bearing date 26th June 1862, is the highest Court in the State
of Tamil Nadu, exercising Original Jurisdiction over the City of Madras
and Appellate Jurisdiction over the entire State as well as extra-ordinary
Original Jurisdiction, Civil and Criminal, under the Letters Patent and
Special Original Jurisdiction for the issue of writs under the
Constitution of India.
Karnataka High Court history can be traced back to the year 1884 when the
Chief Court of Mysore was created with three judges and was designated as
the highest court of appeal, reference and revision in the State of Mysore,
the earlier name of Karnataka. The court had District Courts, Sub-ordinate
Judges' Courts and Munsiff Courts to assist it on civil cases and a Court
of Sessions, District Magistrate and First, Second and Third Class
Magistrates to assist it on criminal cases. In 1881, the office of the
Chief Judge was created and the designated person had the utmost authority
in the court. In 1930, it was renamed as the High Court of Mysore and the
Chief Judge was given the new name of Chief Justice. In 1973, it got its
present name of Karnataka High Court.
Gauhati High Court was established on 1 March 1948 after the Government of
India Act 1935 was passed. It was originally known as the High Court of
Assam and Nagaland, but renamed as Gauhati High Court in 1971 by the North
East Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971.
Andhra Pradesh High Court is the High Court was set up on 5 July 1954
under the Andhra State Act, 1953. Situated in Hyderabad and has a
sanctioned judge strength of 39.
High Court of Rajasthan was founded in 1949 at Jodhpur, and was
inaugurated by the Rajpramukh, Maharaja Sawai Man Singh on 29 August 1949.
The first Chief Justice was Kamala Kant Verma. A bench was formed at
Jaipur which was dissolved in 1958 and was again formed on 31 January
1977. Currently the sanctioned strength of the judges is 40 and actual
strength is 22.
Punjab and Haryana High Court is situated at Chandigarh, the capital of
the States of Punjab and Haryana. The sanctioned strenghth of this High
Court is 68 judges consisting of Chief Justice, 36 Permanent Judges and 31
Additional Judges. As on 9th July 2012, there are 41 Judges (including the
Acting Chief Justice) working at High Court. There are 46 judges on the
strength of the High Court.
High Court of Kerala is the highest court in the Indian state of Kerala
and in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep. The High Court of Kerala is
headquartered at Kochi. Drawing its powers under Article 226 of the
Constitution of India, the High Court has the power to issue directions,
orders and writs including the writs of habeas corpus, mandamus,
prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari for ensuring the enforcement of
the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution to citizens or for
other specified purposes.
Allahabad High Court was originally founded as the High Court of
Judicature for the North-Western Provinces at Agra on 17 March 1866 by the
Indian High Courts Act of 1861 replacing the old Sadr Diwani Adalat. Sir
Walter Morgan, Barrister-at-Law and Mr. Simpson were appointed the first
Chief Justice and the first Registrar respectively of the High Court of
Chhattisgarh High Court was established on 1 November 2000 after the
Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000 was passed. It has jurisdiction
over the state of Chhattisgarh. The High Court of Bilaspur is the 19th
High Court of India.
Patna High Court was established on 3 February 1916 and later affiliated
under the Government of India Act, 1915. The court is headquartered in Patna, the administrative capital of the state. Proclamation made by the
Governor-General of India on the 22nd March, 1912 the territories of Bihar
and Orissa which were formerly subject to and included within the limits
of the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal, were promoted to the status
of a separate province, and by Letters Patent, dated the 9th February,
1916 the Patna High Court was ushered into existence with Circuit sittings
at Cuttack, and form the 26th February, 1916, the date on which the
aforesaid Letters Patent was published in the Gazette of India, the High
Court of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal ceased to exercise
jurisdiction, Civil, Criminal, Admiralty, Matrimonial, Testamentary and
Intestate, Enrolment, etc. in all matters in which jurisdiction was given
to the High Court of Judicature at Patna.
Jharkhand High Court was established in 2000 under the Bihar
Reorganization Act, 2000, after the state of Jharkhand was carved out of
the state of Bihar. The court has jurisdiction over Jharkhand state.
Madhya Pradesh High Court was established as the Nagpur High Court on 2
January 1936 under the Government of India Act 1935. The Court was
established in Nagpur, but after the reorganisation of states on 1
November 1956, it was moved to Jabalpur. The court has a sanctioned judge
strength of 42.
Gujarat High Court was established on 1 May 1960 under the Bombay Re-organisation
Act, 1960 after the state split from Bombay State.
High Court of Sikkim: Sikkim became the 22nd State of India. Under Clause
(i) of Article 371F, the High Court functioning immediately prior to the
date of merger became the High Court for the State of Sikkim under the
Constitution like any other High Court in the country.
Orissa High Court: Government of India issued the Orissa High Court Order,
1948, under the Section 229(1) of the Government of India Act, 1935, on
April 30, 1948. This order clearly stated that "from the 5th day of July,
1948, there shall be a Court for the Province of Orissa, which shall be a
Court of Record". Finally, on July 26, 1948, Orissa High Court was
High Court of Jammu and Kashmir was established on the basis of the Order
No. 1 issued by the Maharaja on 26 March 1928. The Maharaja appointed Lala
Kanwar Sain as the first Chief Justice and Rai Bahadur Lala Bodh Raj
Sawhney and Khan Sahib Aga Syed Hussain as Puisne Judges. The seats of the
High Court were at Jammu and Srinagar. On 10 September 1943, letters
patent were conferred on the High Court by the Maharaja.
Himachal Pradesh High Court: Precisely, the former Princely States had
different systems of Administration and set of laws and in most of the
Princely States, the administration was run on the whims of the Rulers or Wazirs and their words were considered to be the law.
Uttarakhand High Court: Uttarakhand state was carved out from erstwhile
State of Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000 under the Uttar Pradesh
Reorganization Act, 2000. At the time of the creation of the State, the
High Court of Uttarakhand was also established on the same day at Nainital.