Madhya Pradesh High Court - Jabalpur
The Madhya Pradesh High Court was established as the Nagpur High Court on 2 January 1936 under the Government of India Act 1935. The Court was established in Nagpur, but after the reorganisation of states on 1 November 1956, it was moved to Jabalpur. The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 42.
On 1st of November 1956 the States Reorganization Act was enacted. The new state of Madhya Pradesh was constituted under S.9 thereof. Subsection (1) of Section 49 of the States Re-organization Act ordained that from the appointed day i.e., 1st of November 1956, the High Court exercising jurisdiction, in relation to the existing state of Madhya Pradesh, i.e. Nagpur High Court, shall be deemed to be the High Court for the present state of Madhya Pradesh. Thus Nagpur High Court was not abolished but by a legal fiction it became High Court for the new state of Madhya Pradesh with its seat at Jabalpur.
Hon'ble the Chief Justice, vide order dated 1st of November 1956 constituted temporary benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Indore and Gwalior. Later, by a Presidential Notification Dt. 28th of November 1968, issued in the exercise of the powers conferred by the Subsection (2) of section 51 of the States Reorganization Act, 1956, permanent benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Indore and Gwalior were established.
This state of affairs continued till 1st of November 2000, when the state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of the existing state of Madhya Pradesh by virtue of the provisions of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2000 and the High Court of Chhattisgarh was established for that state with its seat at Bilaspur.The High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur then became High Court for the successor state of Madhya Pradesh.
Brief History Of The High Court Building At Jabalpur
The impressive mansion of superb architecture was constructed in 1899 by Raja Gokul Das, Grand Father of late Seth Govind Das, Former Member of Parliament. The building was designed by Henry Irwin, C.I.E., P.W.D., sometime in 1886. The construction work of this building commenced in 1886 and was completed in 1889 at the cost of about Rupees Three Lacs. The building is constructed in brick-lime with ornamental towers and cornices. The architecture of the building is mixed baroque and oriental. The arches as well as the bastions at the corner are ornamental.
The owner was gracious enough to give the said building to the erstwhile Government for purposes of Government Offices on a nominal monthly rent of Re.1/- only. Before formation of the new State of Madhya Pradesh the building housed the Collector's Office, Law Courts and Treasury. Later on, it is said that the building was completely donated to the Government. On 1st November, 1956, when the present State of Madhya Pradesh was formed, Jabalpur was chosen as the Principal Seat of the High Court. Consequently, the said building was selected and approved by late Hon'ble Shri Justice M. Hidayatullah, first Chief Justice of new Madhya Pradesh, for the High Court. Some additional space was provided to accommodate more court rooms but due care was taken to seen that it did not disturb the original architecture.
In this building there are 14 court rooms including the court room of Hon'ble the Chief Justice. The State Government on the recommendation of Hon'ble the Chief Justice sanctioned extension of this building at the cost of more than Rupees three crores. Consequently, the construction work of North and South Block has been completed and handed over to High Court. South Block consists of big Conference Hall on the first floor having sitting capacity of three to four hundred persons as also two court rooms with chambers on the ground floor. North Block consists of four court rooms with chambers (two on the ground floor and two on the first floor).
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