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The Gauhati High Court

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The Gauhati High Court

The Gauhati High Court

The Gauhati High Court was established on 1 March 1948 after the Government of India Act 1935 was passed. It was originally known as the High Court of Assam and Nagaland, but renamed as Gauhati High Court in 1971 by the North East Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971.

It has largest jurisdiction in terms of states, with its area covering the states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura and Mizoram.

In exercise of power conferred by sub-section (1) of section 229 of the Government of India Act, 1935, as adopted by the Indian Provincial Constitution (Amendment) Order, 1948, the Governor General of India was pleased to promulgate on 1st March, 1948 the Assam High Court Order, 1948, establishing the High Court of Assam with effect from 5th April, 1948, for the then Province of Assam.

After Indian independence, the Assam Legislative Assembly adopted a resolution on 9 September 1947 that a High Court be established for the Province of Assam. In exercise of power conferred by the Government of India Act 1935, the Governor General of India on 1 March 1948 promulgated the Assam High Court Order, 1948, establishing the High Court of Assam. It was inaugurated on 5 April 1948 by Harilal Kania, the Chief Justice of India. Sir R.F. Lodge was sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the Assam High Court on the same day. The Assam High Court initially had its sittings at Shillong but shifted to Guwahati on 14 August 1948.

Later, when Nagaland state was created on 1 December 1963, the Assam High Court was renamed as the High Court of Assam and Nagaland. On re-organization of the northeastern region of India by the North Eastern Area (Re-organization) Act, 1971, a common High Court was established for the five northeastern states: Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura and the two Union Territories: Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. It was again renamed as the Gauhati High Court.

Principal Seat & Benches
The principal seat of the Gauhati High Court is at Guwahati in Assam. The court has 6 outlying benches. These are:
The Kohima bench for Nagaland state (established on 1 December 1972)
The Imphal bench for Manipur state (established on 21 January 1972)
The Agartala bench for Tripura state (established on 24 January 1972)
The Shillong bench for Meghalaya state (established on 4 September 1974)
The Aizawl bench for Mizoram state (established on 5 July 1990)
The Itanagar bench for Arunachal Pradesh state (established on 12 August 2000)

The Gauhati High Court
Mahatma Gandhi Road
Guwahati - 781001
Assam, India

Important links:
# Judges Profile
# Guwahati Lawyers Profile
# Recruitment Notice
# Guwahati Lawyers Directory
# Guwahati High Court Cause list
# The Gauhati High Court Legal Aid Committee
# Gauhati High Court Mediation Centre

Landmark Judgments | Famous Trials | Historical Facts | Legal Profession

Law Maxims

# Acta exteriora iudicant interiora secreta - Outward acts indicate the inward intent
# Boni judicis lites dirimere est - It is the duty of a good judge to prevent litigation
# Conventio et modus vincunt legem - A contract and agreement overcome the law
Damnum sine injuria - damage without legal injury.
Ex facie - On the fact of it.
Faciendum - Something which is to be done.
Injuria non excusat injuriam - A wrong does not excuse a wrong.
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