There exist three different types of trademark protection:
State / Federal registration
In order to gain common law rights in a trademark, the owner must use the mark on goods or services in commerce. These rights may be limited to the area in which the owner is doing business. Countries like India have, only federal registration system for trademarks. However some countries like USA have provision of registration in any State as well as from the federal trademarks office. In order to secure a State registration, the owner must use the goods or services in commerce and simply file the mark with the Secretary of State. The boundaries of protection for a State trademark are limited to the particular State. A federal trademark registration extends the owner's trademark rights nationwide. The federal registration serves as notice to all other trademark owners and generally trumps any other form of trademark protection, of course with some limitations
Functions of a Trade Mark
It identifies the product of its origin
It guaranties its unchanged quality
It advertises the products &
It creates an image for products
Relevant Forms And Procedure For Obtaining Trademark In India
The aim of the Trademarks Registry is to provide for registration and better protection of trade marks in India and for the prevention of the use of fraudulent marks on merchandise.
The Trademarks Registry had been functioning since 1.9.1940 for the administration of the Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958 read with the Trade and Merchandise Rules, 1959 Since September 20, 2003 the Trademarks Act 1999 read with The Trademark Rules 2001 has come in force.
Apart from the above, the Trade Marks Registry has other functions like issue of search reports as to whether an identical or deceptively similar trade mark is already registered or filed, preliminary advice regarding distinctiveness of a trade mark, issuing of search certificate for use under the Copyright Act, preparation of search materials, maintenance of Register of Trade Marks, preparation of annual statistical reports, publication of Trade Marks Journal, publication of annual reports and the like. The new Trademark Rules have provisions to enable users / customers obtain Trademark Search. Report within a week.
Through a Government of India initiated project for modernisation and administration of the Trade Marks Registry with UNDP/WIPO assistance, it has resulted in the computerisation system functioning, fee receipt generation, numbering of applications, preliminary search report, examination of application, journal printing, renewal, change of name and address of registered proprietors etc. Complete database of trademarks is now available from its administrative organization.
c) Procedure for registration of trade marks
Before applying for registration of a trade mark, it is desirable to conduct a market survey through an investigating agency, etc. to ascertain whether any identical or deceptively similar mark is used for the same goods or services by any other person /party in the market.
It is also desirable before applying for registration to obtain preliminary advice regarding the distinctiveness of the mark from the Registrar by making a request on form TM-55 with the prescribed fee of Rs.50/-. The request on form TM-55 can be filed at the Trade Marks Registry, Mumbai or at the regional branch offices at Delhi , Kolkata, Chennai or Ahamadabad.