Employee Under Gratuity Act, In simple terms employee means a person employed on wages this employee may be employed in any establishment, factory, mines, oil field, plantation,, railway company or shops.The employee maybe in skilled, semi skilled, unskilled, manual, supervisory, technical, clerical work. It makes no difference whether or not such person is employed in a managerial administrative capacity.
Under Section 4 of the payment Gratuity Act 1972 gratuity shall be payable to an employee on the termination of his employment after he has rendered continuous service for not less than 5 years.
Termination of employment may result from
disablement due to accident/disease.
As held in the case of darshan Engineering Works vs controlling authority where an employee continues to work after superannuation he will be entitled to gratuity for the entire period and not only up to his superannuation.
Under explanation to section 4(1) disablement means such disablement as incapacitate an employees from the work which he was capable of performing before the accident or disease resulting in such disablement. Under Section 4(4) if an employee continue in his is current employment after disablement at reduced wages, the gratuity for the period upto his disablement is to be calculated at such wages as he was being paid before disablement. The gratuity for the period after disablement is to be calculated on such reduced wages.
Under provision 1 to Section 4(1), the provision of continuous service of 5 years shall not be necessary where did termination of employment happened due to death or disablement. In case of death the amount of gratuity be paid to the nominee. If there was no nomination made gratuity shall be paid to the heir. Where the nominee or heir is a minor then the amount of gratuity shall be submitted to the controlling authority. The minor can use this fund when he attains majority.
See this for total act http://www.shramsamadhan.com/p/payment-of-gratuity-act-rules.html