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Author Topic: Backdated Entry at Debt Recovery Tribunal  (Read 499 times)

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vishyvishy

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Backdated Entry at Debt Recovery Tribunal
« on: October 08, 2018, 11:20:41 PM »
Our OVerall case is like this,

We have filed an SA at DRT court against Bank back in 2016

Initially, Bank gave their say against us.

Then we found out grave false points in their say. which may lead to perjury against the bank.

We filed our response to this say.

Then in 4 consecutive hearings, Banks Lawyers remained absent.

Last hearing which happened on 7th Sep 2018, we got next hearing date as 21st Dec 2018.

On 21st Sep 2018, we applied for Roznama copy at DRT. (Keep in mind there was NO hearing on this date!)

Yesterday we received the same from DRT.

It gave us a shock as they have written in Roznama that on 21st Sep 2018 the hearing was carried out and next date of hearing will be 7th Dec 2018.

This means they manipulated the date from 21st Dec 2018 to 7th Dec 2018 as next hearing date.

If we had not applied for Roznama we might not have known about this change in dates.

And since applicant (us) would have been absent on 7th Dec 2018 they would have dismissed out application altogether.

This is absolute fraud and cheating (corruption) by the court itself! (very likely DRT officials going in hand in hand with Bank )

So I request you what is a legal remedy for such a grave Act by DRT officials.

Thanks and regards,
Vasundhara




Offline kalaskarkk

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Re: Backdated Entry at Debt Recovery Tribunal
« Reply #1 on: November 19, 2018, 08:25:50 AM »
Dear Sir,

There are so many sections in IPC which you can make use of to file private complaint also file perjury case under following sections.

=============================================================================
How to file perjury in India ?
How to file perjury in India ?
In order to sustain and maintain sanctity and solemnity of the proceedings in law courts it is necessary that parties should not make false or knowingly, inaccurate statements or misrepresentation and/or should not conceal material facts with a design to gain some advantage or benefit at the hands of the court, when a court is considered as a place where truth and justice are the solemn pursuits. If any party attempts to pollute such a place by adopting recourse to make misrepresentation and is concealing material facts it does so at its risk and cost.
Read a judgment about the above in Vijay Syal Vs. State of Punjab
PROSECUTION OF PERJURY:
1. Legal obligation to state the truth
2. The making of a false statement .
3. Belief in its falsity .
Criteria for establishing offense:
(a) The statement is false
(b) The parson making the statement knew or believed it to be false or did not believe it to be true.
(c) The statement was made intentionally.
All three criteria must be proved for conviction. Intention is most important.
False evidence is said to be given intentionally, if, the person making the statement is aware or has knowledge that it is false and has deliberately used such evidence in a judicial proceeding with the intention of deceiving the court .
ELEMENTS OF PERJURY:
1) False statement made by a person Who is —
a) Bound by an oath
b) By an express provision of law
c) A declaration which a person is bound by law to make on any subject
d) Which statement or declaration is false and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true.
2. Oath must be administered by a person of competent authority.
The authority must be competent to administer the oath. The proceedings where oath is administered must be sanctioned by law.
3. Express provisions of law include—Plaints, Written Statements, and other pleadings.
a)CPC casts a legal duty to speak the truth
b)Verification of pleadings is a legal obligation.
4. Affidavits are declaration made under oath.
5. A statement could be verbal or otherwise.
a) Statement that he believes a thing which he does not believe.
b) Statement that he knows a thing which he does not know.
c)Statement that he knows to be false or does not believe to be true .
d) Statement need not be on a point material to the proceedings.
Due to this the related other section which can be used are :
IPO 191: Giving false evidence, judicial perjury
IPO 192: Fabricating false evidence
IPO 193: punishment for offenses u/s 191 & 192 IPO
IPO 194 & 195: Aggravated forms of offenses u/s 191 & 192 IPO
IPO 196 to 200: Offenses punishable in the same way as giving or fabricating false evidence
IPO 201 to 229: Offenses against public justice
OFFENCES U/S 195 CrPC:
(a) IPO 172 to IPO 188 relate to contempts of the lawful authority of public servants and also of attempt to commit or conspiracy to commit such offense or abatement there of.
(b) IPO 193, 194, 195, 196, 199, 200, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211 and 228, when such offense is alleged to have
been committed in, or in relation to, any proceeding in any court.
CrPC 195:
Generally any person can lodge complaint of an offence and set the law in motion. Exception to this rule is offences. Specified u/s 195 CrPC. Section 195 lays down rules to be followed by the court to take cognizance of an offence specified under it. Court has full discretion in deciding whether any prosecution is necessary or not.
Considerations for sanctioning prosecution:
a) Administration of justice is not hampered
b) Not to be used as a means for wreaking vengeance by people
c) Every incorrect or false statement does not make it incumbent upon the court to order prosecution.
d) Judicial discretion to order prosecution only in the larger interest of administration of justice.
e) When police finds that complaint was false and case is cancelled u/s 173 CrPC, the police can start proceeding u/s 211 IPO against person who lodged false complaint.
CrPC 340:
Section 340 CrPC lays down directions for the guidance of the court which desires to initiate prosecution in respect of an offence covered under IPO 195. Court can take action and make a complaint to concerned magistrate u/s 340 either suo motu or on an application made to it on that behalf. Sanction of the public servant court is a must for offenses in (a) under Criteria for establishing offence. Sanction of the court is a must for offenses in (b). under Criteria for establishing offense. Any Civil, Revenue or criminal court can proceed under this section. Person against who proceedings are initiated has no right to participate in preliminary Inquiry. The trial for the offence will be held by the magistrate based on complaint by the court acting u/s 340 sanctioning prosecution. The order is appealable only once and no second appeal or revision lies.
Requirements for starting prosecution:
The court is not bound to start prosecution. Only if it is expedient in the interest of justice and affects administration of justice. Contradictory evidence is not enough for prosecution. Offence must have been committed intentionally. Perjury should appear to be deliberate and conscious. Conviction is reasonable probable or likely. Reasonable foundation for the charge must exist. Statement given by complainant in FIR u/s 154 cannot be basis of prosecution u/s 340. Statements given to police u/s 161 are not evidence.
PROCEDURE:
Receive application or suo motu – application can be filed by a person not party to the proceedings in relation to which the offense is committed. The court where application is filed only decides if inquiry should be made Hold preliminary inquiry (not essential in law). Record findings . Make a complaint in writing – include offence, facts on which it is based and evidence available for proving it. The judge has to sign the complaint himself. Forward it to a first class Magistrate having jurisdiction.
IPC 192:
No condition to be bound by oath. Reasonable prospect of proceedings and intention to use the fabricated evidence in such proceedings. Proceedings need not be in progress. Material omission is made in an entry or a statement Affidavit- making a document containing false statement to be used as evidence in a judicial proceeding.
Criteria:
Particular Intention that false document so made should appear in evidence in a judicial proceeding. Reasonable prospect of using the document is sufficient to establish offence. Should be material to the result of the proceedings- Judge is made to entertain an erroneous opinion touching nay point material to the result of such proceeding based on such fabricated evidence.
IPC 199: False statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence.
IPC 200: Using as true such declaration knowing it to be false.


Regards:

Kishan Dutt Kalaskar
Retd Judge and Advocate
No.74, 1st Floor, “Disley”  House,
Malleswaram, Bengaluru-560003.
Mob: 9686971935, 080-23461189
kalaskarnetra@gmail.com
Call me for clarification

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